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dc.creatorLeles, José Luiz Rodrigues-
dc.creatorSantos, Enio José Serra dos-
dc.creatorJorge, Fabrício David-
dc.creatorSilva, Erica Tatiane da-
dc.creatorLeles, Cláudio Rodrigues-
dc.identifier.citationLELES, José Luiz Rodrigues et al. Risk factors for maxillofacial injuries in a brazilian emergency hospital sample. Journal of Applied Oral Science, Bauru, v. 18, n. 1, p. 23-29, Jan./Feb. 2010.pt_BR
dc.identifier.issne- 1678-7765-
dc.rightsAcesso Abertopt_BR
dc.subjectMaxillofacial injuriespt_BR
dc.subjectRisk factorspt_BR
dc.titleRisk factors for maxillofacial injuries in a Brazilian emergency hospital samplept_BR
dc.description.resumoB ackground: Maxillofacial injuries occur in a significant number of trauma patients. Epidemiological assessments are essential to reaffirm patterns, identify new trends and develop clinical and research priorities for effective treatment and prevention of these injuries. Objective: The aim of this study was to identify the epidemiological profile and risk factors associated with maxillofacial trauma treated at a referral emergency hospital for the Public Health System in the State Capital of Goiás, Brazil. Material and Methods: A cross-sectional study was designed including 530 patients with maxillofacial trauma, 76% male, with a mean age of 25.5±15.0 years. Data were collected between May 2003 and August 2004 over weekly shift-working periods. Results: The main causes of trauma were traffic accidents (45.7%) and physical assaults (24.3%), and differences in etiological factors were identified according to gender (p<0.001). The distribution of patients according to age and etiology showed significant differences for traffic accidents (p<0.01), physical assaults (p<0.001), falls (p<0.001) and sport injuries (p<0.01). In the multinomial logistic regression analysis (R 2 = 0.233; p<0.05), age was associated with injury in traffic accidents and falls (p<0.01), sports-related accidents were associated with males (p<0.05), and alcohol consumption with assaults and traffic accidents (p<0.001). Facial soft tissue lesions were found in 98% of patients and facial fractures in 51%. Conclusions: The significant association of maxillofacial trauma with young males and alcohol consumption reinforces the need for educational strategies and the development of policies for the prevention and reduction of associated damage in this specific risk group.pt_BR
dc.identifier.doi10.1590/S1678-77572010000100006 -
dc.publisher.departmentFaculdade de Odontologia - FO (RG)pt_BR
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