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Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Reconceptualising the beta diversity-environmental heterogeneity relationship in running water systems
Autor: Heino, Jani
Melo, Adriano Sanches
Bini, Luis M.
Abstract: Beta diversity modelling has received increased interest recently. There are multiple definitions of beta diversity, but here, we focus on variability in species composition among sampling units within a given area. This facet can be described using various approaches. Some approaches ignore the spatial scale of the area considered (i.e. region limits), while some consider different region limits as a starting point for the analysis of beta diversity. 2. We focused specifically on the beta diversity–environmental heterogeneity relationship in running waters. First, we present two conceptual models, which assume either (1) strong environmental control among localities (riffle sites in our case) within each region unit (a region unit encompasses a species pool and can be a stream or a basin or an ecoregion) or (2) that the spatial level of a region unit affects the relative importance of mechanisms affecting variability in species composition among localities (i.e. among riffle sites) within each region unit. Second, we compared three recent studies that used similar methods to examine the beta diversity–environmental heterogeneity relationship, but which were based on different region units, comprising sets of streams or sets of basins or sets of ecoregions. 3. Our conceptual framework assumes that environmental control is not likely to be the sole mechanism affecting variability in community composition among localities within each region unit, but it is likely to be most important when dispersal rates are intermediate (i.e. among localities within a basin). In contrast, if dispersal rates are very high (i.e. among localities within a stream) or very low (i.e. among localities within an ecoregion), environmental control is in part masked by high dispersal rates or is prevented from occurring because not all species can reach all localities, respectively. Such scale dependency in the relative strength of environmental control might therefore transcend spatial scales from individual region units to the strength of the beta diversity–environmental heterogeneity relationship. We emphasise that the beta diversity–environmental heterogeneity relationship can only be tested across multiple region units. The results of three case studies are consistent with these predictions. Specifically, the beta diversity–environmental heterogeneity regression was highly significant across multiple basins, but not across multiple streams or across multiple ecoregions. 4. We suggest that researchers take spatial scale and region unit level explicitly into account when inferring the mechanisms structuring ecological communities and mapping variation in beta diversity. We also propose a unified terminology for studies examining the beta diversity–environmental heterogeneity relationship in running waters because inconsistent terminology is likely to hamper the progress of our science.
Palavras-chave: Average distance to centroid
Spatial scale
Species sorting
País: brasil
Programa: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Evolução
Citação: HEINO, Jani; MELO, Adriano S.; BINI, Luis M. Reconceptualising the beta diversity-environmental heterogeneity relationship in running water systems. Freshwater Biology, v. 60, p. 223-235, 2015. Disponível em: <>.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.1111/fwb.12502
Identificador do documento: 10.1111/fwb.12502
Data de publicação: 11-Nov-2014
Aparece nas coleções:ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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