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Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Deviations from predictions of the metabolic theory of ecology can be explained by violations of assumptions
Autor: Cassemiro, Fernanda Aparecida da Silva
Diniz Filho, José Alexandre Felizola
Abstract: The metabolic theory of ecology (MTE) is based on models derived from the first principles of thermodynamics and biochemical kinetics. The MTE predicts that the relationship between temperature and species richness of ectotherms should show a specific slope. Testing the validity of this model, however, depends on whether empirical data do not violate assumptions and are obtained within contour conditions. When dealing with richness gradients, the MTE must be empirically tested only for ectothermic organisms at high organization levels and when their body size as well as abundance does not vary with temperature gradients. Here we evaluate whether the magnitude of the deviations in slope expected from the MTE to empirical data for New World amphibians is due to the violations of model assumptions and to lack of generality due to restricting contour conditions. We found that the MTE correctly predicted biodiversity patterns only at higher levels of organization and when assumptions of the basic model were not violated. Approximately 60%of the deviations from the MTE-predicted slope across amphibian families were due to violations of the model assumptions. The hypothesis that richness patterns are a function of environmental temperature is too restrictive and does not take complex environmental and ecological processes into account. However, our results suggest that it may be possible to obtain multiple derivations of the MTE equation if idiosyncrasies in spatial and biological/ecological issues that are essential to understanding biodiversity patterns are considered.
Palavras-chave: Body size
Diversity gradients
Spatial autocorrelation
Species richnes
Temperature gradients
País: Estados unidos
Instituição: Ecological Society of America
Unidade acadêmica: Instituto de Ciências Biológicas - ICB (RG)
Citação: CASSEMIRO, Fernanda A. S.; DINIZ FILHO, José Alexandre Felizola. Deviations from predictions of the metabolic theory of ecology can be explained by violations of assumptions. Ecology, Washington, v. 91, n. 12, p. 3729-3738, Dec. 2010.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.1890/09-1434.1
Identificador do documento: 10.1890/09-1434.1
Data de publicação: Dez-2010
Aparece nas coleções:ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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