Doutorado em Letras e Linguística (FL)

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    A construção da representação feminina na CPI da pandemia pela perspectiva da análise do discurso ecossistêmica
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-06-27) Prado, Juliana Batista do; Couto, Elza Kioko Nakayama Nenoki do;; Couto, Elza Kioko Nakayama Nenoki Do; Pinheiro, Zilda Dourado; Borges, Lorena Araújo de Oliveira; Fernandes, Eliane Marquez da Fonseca; Santos, Leila Borges Dias
    Based on a perspective of the EIC (COUTO, 2013a), this study proposes to analyze discursively - from the perspective of the natural, mental, and social language ecosystems - the construction of female representation in relation to three women (doctors) questioned in the sessions of the Parliamentary Commission of Inquiry (CPI) of the Pandemic in 2021.Strategies were used to interrogate in order to defend or attack and present the objectives and viewpoints regarding the healthcare professionals. Given the magnitude of the event, the focus was on the performance of the doctors in this corpus, in the face of the attacks suffered, as representations of battles to survive discursively and, at the same time, as a source of entertainment for the viewers (especially on the internet). The methodology adopts a qualitative and multimethodological (ecometodology) approach, with interpretation based on the guidelines of Ecosystemic Linguistics and its intersections with areas such as Ecosystemic Discourse Analysis (which advocates for the ideology of life and ecological values, prioritizing the self-realization of beings). The interrelationship between linguistic and social meanings will be evaluated through the use of recorded video excerpts from the CPI sessions, stenographic records from the Federal Senate, and news articles disseminated through various online newspapers, social media, and the official website of the Federal Senate. Authors such as Couto (2016), Couto et al. (2015), Couto and Fernandes (2021), among others, form the theoretical foundation of this work, providing concepts and discussions that align with the research objectives.
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    Dispositivo patriarcal de violência jurídica contra a mulher: o caso Mariana Ferrer
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-06-02) Neves Júnior, Mário Martins; Sousa, Kátia Menezes de;; Sousa, Kátia Menezes de; Nascimento, André Marques do; Faria, Edna Silva; Gonçalves, Eliane; Dorne, Vinicius Durval
    This research has found and related the lines between patriarchy, dispositif, and legal violence in Brazil. For this, we analyzed the discursive events of the Mariana Ferrer Case, a rape trial. This case has become notorious for Brazilian feminist and legal history due to three reasons: i) in 2020, The Intercept Brazil website published an article about the harassment suffered by Mariana Ferrer by Cláudio Gastão, defense lawyer for André Aranha; ii) for the justification of acquitting the defendant for “unintentional rape” by Judge Rudson Marcos and iii) for the creation of the Mariana Ferrer Law (14.245/21) which aims to restrain legal harassment of the victim during a legal audience. In this way, we used the following question that motivated the research: is legal violence against women a type of strategy made possible by the functioning of a patriarchal dispositif, which models and re-elaborates subjectivities asymmetrically through practices and discursive battles around of power, knowledge and foci of resistance which, in turn, have the function of calibrating and reorienting the lens and the exercise of this dispositif? In order to answer our question, we resorted to empirical material generated through internet searches on the Mariana Ferrer Case. We used two audiences available on the internet (cf. DESINTERCEPT, 2020; ESTADÃO, 2020) and two other videos that together sum up to more than five hours of audiovisual material through which we produced 27 analytical excerpts. From the typographic material, we used several discursive genres: tweets, posts, judge's sentence, Bill 5.096/2020, among others. From these, we produced 17 excerpts. The generated material is complex and heterogeneous. For justification, we used the notion of patriarchy (PATEMAN, 1993; SAFFIOTTI, 2015), discourse (FOUCAULT, 2020), device (AGAMBEN, 2005; FOUCAULT, 2007g), subject (BUTLER, 1997; 2002; 2019b; FOUCAULT, 2014c; 2019) and violence (ŽIŽEK, 2014). We conclude that patriarchy is a dispositif with heterogeneous, co-opting and capillary strategies in the various discourse practices. The legal violence against Mariana Ferrer is part of the strategies that maintain the dispositif that needs to be updated via statements of its occurrence. We identified some points of cohesion between the discursive practices of the dispositif: i) the defense lawyer used three violent and vexatious strategies against Mariana Ferrer (Nymphetage, Hoaxing and Legal Opposition); ii) through the defendant's statements, we pointed out the occurrence of five patriarchal strategies used (Mariana's Agencying; Defendant's Disagencying; Co-Agencying and Agencying for specific practices); iii) in the sentence, the judge justifies the acquittal for “unintentional rape” and triggers a Rape Label in which he assesses the veracity of the performance of a raped woman by the way she walks; iv) pernegation is a substantial concept we have come up with to the analysis of “unintentional rape”. However, we also conclude that the power relationship of Mariana Ferrer's agency was able to mobilize Brazilian society on rape and legal violence. This mobilization forces the patriarchal device to calibrate its exercise.
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    Cora Coralina: uma leitura ecofeminista
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-03-31) Macedo, Fabiana Lula; Borges, Luciana;; Yokozawa, Solange Fiuza Cardoso;; Yokozawa, Solange Fiuza Cardoso; Borges, Luciana; Ramos, Tania Regina Oliveira; Brandão, Izabel de Fátima de Oliveira; David, Nismária Alves
    In this doctoral thesis, I aimed to demonstrate that Cora Coralina's work could be read by the bias of the ecofeminist approach. First, I introduced the author who wrote poems, short stories and chronicles. Her biography impresses with the confrontation of the setbacks that a woman of her time went to be recognized as a writer, so much so that she only came to publish books in old age. Secondly, we present her work as a literature that proves to be a great debtor of modern and modernists. Cora claimed to be self -taught and she was, much of her reader and writer formation happened out of school benches, but she did not write her literary work before having read great authors and in her work we see traces of modernity and modernism. Then we observed the development and importance of ecofeminist studies for ecocrytic. Finally, we present our reading of poems in which the connection between women and nature is present. In some moments in a form with the system that separates culture of nature and, with this, justifies the oppression of women and therefore nature, from the women/ nature and man/ culture connection. At other times we find in poems a Cora who often subvert this system and rejects this hierarchy, establishing a harmonious interaction between men, women and nature. With this, we find in their most telluric poems a kind of continuity between humans and nonhumans living in a much more egalitarian connection. In addition, we also highlighted the poems dedicated to corn. Among so many possible themes, the poet from Goiás writes about a vegetable that until then was not of great prominence within Brazilian literature, but became important to her literature. Nowadays “Oração do Milho” and “Poema do Milho” are two of Cora Coralina's most famous poems.
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    Corpovivências decoloniais compartilhadas e coconstruídas nas (e para além das) aulas de língua inglesa de um curso de letras: português e inglês
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-06-05) Almeida, Ricardo Regis de; Pessoa, Rosane Rocha;; Pessoa, Rosane Rocha; Duboc, Ana Paula Martinez; Martinez, Juliana Zeggio; Silva, Kleber Aparecido da; Silvestre, Viviane Pires Viana
    In this doctoral dissertation, I defend the idea of corpovivências as a fertile and necessary response to coloniality and its multiple dimensions, especially with regards to English language education. Thus, the reflections in this text are crossed by my personal corpovivências and by those coconstructed with the formal articulators of this study – Professor Barbra Sabota and nine undergraduate students of a B.A. in Portuguese and English teaching (Anny, Cristina, Helena, Jeni, Meteora, Nami, S.J., Tae and Vittor) – during the Covid- 19 pandemic, in 2020, in a public university in the state of Goiás. The questions that guided me in this research were: What corpovivências of mine and of the study's articulators shared and coconstructed in (and beyond) the Inglês V course contributed to identify, question and interrupt the historical, racial, economic, social and ontoepistemological damages caused by coloniality in a pandemic period? What other meanings could these corpovivências forge in the decolonial horizon? Based on them, I draw as my main objective: to discuss my academic andnon-academic corpovivências as well as those of the articulators of this study, in order to understand in what ways the discussions about Wellbeing and Language that took place in the Inglês V course in a B.A. in Portuguese and English teaching enabled possible decolonial insurgencies during the Covid-19 pandemic. In search of other ways to perform the methodology of this work, I resorted to ontoepistemologies that value the horizontalization in scientific research and the exercise of corazonar the university, seeking to understand/create different knowledges in a decolonial perspective. The doctoral dissertation material was constructed through six different sources: the personal narratives, written by all the agents of the study at the beginning of the Inglês V course; the personal identification form, filled out by the undergraduates at the beginning of the research; the class planning sessions, carried out by Barbra and me throughout the months of August to October 2020; the interactions in the classes, also recorded in audio and video in the aforementioned months; the audiovisual material produced for the classes, thought and designed by the professor, by me and by the undergraduate students during the course; and the individual conversations with the undergraduate students, which took place at the end of the bimester, in October 2020. The study demonstrated that, even if crossed by coloniality and its many facets, our corpovivências are full of life and urgent for the decolonial enterprise. Therefore, not the English language, but the bodies that produced meanings with it occupied protagonism in this doctoral dissertation. The translanguaging practices and empathic listening promoted in the classes provided fertile spaces for the existence and reexistence of many of us, who had the opportunity to coconstruct knowledge with what we have, with what we are, and with what we can become through language. Finally, I emphasize the decolonial potential of our corpovivências, since they engage us in the exercise of corazonar and horizontalize different knowledges in a perspective that goes beyond the walls of the university, reaching our homes, our families, our corpos-moradias; thus, becoming decolonial corpovivências.
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    Por uma educação linguística dialógica: práticas, reflexões e narratividades
    (Universidade Federal de Goiás, 2023-06-06) Moura, Rodrigo Milhomem de; Costa, Alexandre Ferreira da;; Costa, Alexandre Ferreira da; Figueredo, Carla Janaina; Luterman, Luana Alves; Silva, Maria do Perpétuo Socorro Cardoso da; Cerqueira, Mirian Santos de
    In this doctoral dissertation, I defend the conception that I have called Dialogical Language Education (DLE) as another possibility to understand and act in Portuguese Language classes. This perspective is influenced by the theorizations of Bagno and Rangel (2005), Bakhtin's Circle and Paulo Freire. The study's objective is to analyze co-constructed experiences, in Portuguese classes, with students from two classes of Elementary School and two classes of High School of a public educational institution in Goiás, in order to think of a praxis inspired by the notion of Dialogical Language Education. The methodological path is based on qualitative research and narrative inquiry as I center my efforts on unique stories and experiences in the world as a way to (re)tell, (re)live and (re)write them. For this purpose, I draw on the concepts of language education (BAGNO; RANGEL, 2005); dialogism, language, enunciation, subject, ideological sign, responsible act, and surplus vision (BAKHTIN, 2010, 2011, 2015, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018a, 2018b; MEDVIÉDEV, 2012; VOLÓCHINOV, 2017, 2019); and liberating education, praxis, word-world (palavramundo), criticality, and conscientization (FREIRE, 1967, 1979, 1986, 1995, 1997a, 1997b, 2011, 2014, 2015). As I gather from the analyses, the dialogical spaces discussed in this doctoral dissertation allowed the students to reflect upon language and upon their relationship with themselves and with others from the viewpoint of criticality, empathy, and love, so that they perceived themselves as agents in the educational process. Moreover, the narration, retelling, and rewriting of the experiences lived in this study allowed me to look at myself, at my relationship with others, and at the reinvention of my pedagogical praxis. Therefore, I emphasize that DLE can contribute to the transformation of the reality of teachers and students, since it enables the creation of dialogical spaces that favor a critical, participative, and dialogical view of, with, and in the world, in search of the transformation of themselves and their reality through language.