Ecos do oeste: o conceito de fronteira na escrita da história dos Estados Unidos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Since the presentation of Frederick Jackson Turner's seminal hypothesis to the American Historical Association in 1893 - wich associates American national History with the settlers' continuous westward movement - until the first half of the twentieth century, the writing of the United States History had been dominated by the frontier thesis. Even outside of professional History, the frontier strongly permeates the American imaginary, working as a synecdoche concept that brings with it key elements related to the general idea of 'being american', such as liberty, democracy, igualitarianism and workmanship. The notion of frontier presents itself as an unique point of view for us to comprehend the dinamic relationship that exists between academic concepts and culture, mingling multiple temporalities, ideas and discourses. So, we propose a history of the turnerian concept of frontier from Canguilhem's metodological approach. Together with the historiographic synthesis, we seek two complementary paths. On one hand, we analyse the insertion of the frontier in the discursive formation related to the purification of the wilderness and the unearthing of the pastoral idea. On the other hand, we outline the relation between the life sciences and the frontier, emphasizing how the natural sciences of the eighteenth and nineteenth were encompassed by the historical and social thinking in the the United States. This process became an important component of the frontier concept, particularly through the neolamarckian thinking of the late nineteenth century.
SOUSA, C. H. G. Ecos do oeste: o conceito de fronteira na escrita da história dos Estados Unidos. 2021. 318 f. Tese (Doutorado em de História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2021.