Desempenho e recompensa: as políticas das secretarias estaduais de educação

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This study, entitled Performance and reward: the policies of the state department of education; which belongs to the research line State, Policies and History of Education; problematizes the programs and the actions which aim the reward for the performances accomplished by teachers, students or even the educational institution. In this work, the rewarding policies are all comprehended as being a payment to the institutions, to the education professionals and/or to the students which is conquered by the accomplishing of results. These rewards can also be denominated monetary incentives, variable remuneration or even awarding system. The objective of the researchis to comprehend the presupposition and the shapes of the policies guided by the rating, with some emphasis to the educational management, from the analysis of the experiences concerning Brazilian rewarding policies. Concerning the research methodology, it were performed a survey of rewarding policies proposed by state departaments of education in effect in 2012 and the unabridged reading of the official documents which base such policies and, lastly, we sought to analyse the rewarding policies and to understand how the ratingpolicies influence on the proposition of incentives in the educational context, as well as the logic this instrument provokes in the management and in the work accomplished by schools and professionals. The documental analysis covered laws, decrees, regulations and edicts from eleven state departaments of education: Acre, Tocantins, Ceará, Pernambuco, Paraíba, Goiás, Mato Grosso do Sul, São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais. The studies of Dirce Nei Teixeira de Freitas, Luiz Carlos Freitas, Benno Sander, Vitor Paro, Idalberto Chiavenato, Licínio Lima e Sandra Zákia Sousa, among some others, were used inorder to comprehend the study object. The research’s data allow us to affirm that the large-scale, rating policies contribute to the creation, in the educational institutions, of a management which aims only the results, for it is from these ones that the productivity indicators of the work performed in the schools are prepared. These indicators has a narrow relation with the rewarding policies, because they make possible the measurement of the work performedby the schools and teachers and also the establishing of quality goals. The productivitybecomes expressed by the reach of quality goals determined by the state departaments of education, being granted rewards to those who “contributed” to the improvement of the educationalresults. The normative texts also reveal the control exercised by the state departaments, the management and the pedagogical work, through the scheduling of tasks which must be executed in order to grant the extraremuneration.
ARAÚJO, Caroline Silva. Desempenho e recompensa: as políticas das secretarias estaduais de educação. 2014. 125 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2014.