Da análise da negação e suas consequências na constituição das estruturas clínicas neurose e psicose
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This study is a conceptual bibliographical research aiming to investigate the concept of denial in the works of Sigmund Freud and Jacques Lacan, and its articulation with neurosis and psychosis as clinical structures. We start from the study of denial within analysis, through which a repressed content can have access to consciousness. This mechanism stems the intellectual functioning of the self, which judges whether an idea can be accepted or not. This judging activity impels Freud to search for the origins of the function of judgement, preconditions to make the psychic constitution possible and, therefore, constituting structural conditions. In the origin of the judging process, we find denial associated with the most primitive organization of the self, which seeks to get differentiated from the exterior world for the first time, expelling unpleasant contents and introjecting pleasurable ones. After this first operation, the judgement of existence comes into play, oriented by the attempt of recovering traces of former objects of satisfaction. With the contribution of Lacan, the division postulated by Freud in the first judgement becomes an intersection between the real and the symbolic. Successive denials affect the symbolic text, as attempts of maintaining certain signifiers as distant as possible. The concepts of Verdrängung (repression) e Verwerfung (rejection/ foreclosure) were discussed as means of denial that occur between perception and consciousness. Heterogeneous to the signifying set, however produced by it, the object petit a emerges as a residue forever irrecoverable, whose manifestation is a reference to what was expelled by the first judgement. What was expelled by the primordial denial does not find ways of returning through denegation, where the unconscious formations predominate. Its manifestation refers to the return of what is invariant in the structuration of the speaker, under shapes whose main characteristic is to be heterogeneous to the symbolic formations.
BRAZ, L. M. S. Da análise da negação e suas consequências na constituição das estruturas clínicas neurose e psicose. 2016. 111 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Psicologia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.