Psicologia e educação em Goiás: uma contribuição historiográfica

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This study aims to comprehend the History of Psychology in the State of Goiás from its complementary relationship with Education, contextualizing penetration, the apogee and decline of the New School in the state, as well as the conceptions, discourses and psychological practice result of this movement, and also signaling its transition to a technicist proposal. For this propose, it was performed initially a historical-bibliographical study describing and discussing Psychology and its historiography in Brazil. This study has allowed us to understand the historical situation of Psychology in Brazil and have also pointed out some recent works that contributed to the writing of the history of this science in different states. Secondly, it sought to describe and discuss the history of Psychology in Goiás, raising its relationship with education. This period was divided into three parts. In the first part, the concepts, discourses and psychological practices in education prior to the advent of the New School were described and analyzed. In the second part, the Psychology in Goiás from the insertion of New School ideas to its consolidation and decline were describe and analyzed. In the third part, a description and analysis of the Technicist Education in Goiás, seeking its relation to psychology, was provided. The research revealed that the ideas of the New School: 1. were present in official documents since 1916; 2. began to intensify from 1920, when it is possible to highlight more clearly, its relation to psychology; 3. had its maximum expression, apogee, in the Vargas/Ludovico (1930-1945) era, especially after 1937, when the “Revista Oficial de Instrução” was the most important printed vehicle for dissemination at this time, where several articles of Goiano authors about Psychology and New School were published; 4. After Vargas/Ludovico era, the New School ideas began to lose their strength, which can be evidenced in the reduction of issues related to New School in the second phase of the “Revista Oficial de Instrução”, and the increase of issues related to technique and technical improvement. At the end of 50’s until 1962, it was revealed in the third stage of this journal, an even greater emptying of the New School ideas, and a significant increase in subjects related to: adult education; sociocultural aspects of education; the education of exceptional; mathematics teaching; technical preparation of teachers through training programs/expertise; the Psychology of exceptional; psychometric tests as tools for teachers selection; research methods in Psychology.
CATAO, A. M. L. Psicologia e educação em Goiás: uma contribuição historiográfica. 2016. 163 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Psicologia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.