A configuração das formações imaginárias na representação do ethos discursivo indígena Tapuia

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This dissertation presents the understanding of a phenomenon that connect the man, the history and the language. The theme "The configuration of the imaginary‟s formations in the discursive representation on the ethos indigenous Tapuia". The objective is to examine how to legitimizes the speeches that disseminate the contradictory imaginary formations about Tapuia remnants of Carretão-GO village. As well as it the meanings of the discursive practices of some people of the municipalities of Rubiataba (GO) and Nova America (GO) result in forms of ambiguous representations of the Tapuia image in space-time of these territories. The specific objectives are focused on the positive visibility of the diversity of forms what the Indian people have been presented in Brazilian social spaces. Noting that, for the sake of discourses emerging from an idealistic defense of essentialist image of the natives, the speech acts of some members of civil society have widespread sociocultural imaginary manifesting stereotypes and denial of indigenous identity. Therefore, this study is not restricted only to the theoretical and academic field, although not disregarding the importance of this field, but aims to denounce the monopolization of ethnic racial classifications that are operated in the discursive level, responsible for the spread of polysemies and reductionism the identity self-image of the indigenous community. Although we know that the words are triggered by the strategies of knowledge and power of the people, whose senses reveal their discursive formations and their respective official ideological filiations. In denouncing the discursive productions that disseminate the invisibility of indigenous societies in the surrounding, affirm the need to spread speeches that will result in changes in the civil spheres, especially when the changes comply with the purpose of fighting for readability laws that protect the rights of Brazilian indigenous remnants, such as: the Tapuia group of Goiás. Since the analytical corpus of this thesis concerns the analysis of the discursive settings that some individuals in the municipalities of Rubiataba (GO) and Nova America (GO) do on the image of this population. The research methodology consisted of qualitative-interpretative approach proposed by Bortoni-Ricardo (2008) with the study case method, using the structured interviews, semi-structured and field diary, for analytical seizure of data. To achieve the results, the theoretical foundation is guided in the discourse analysis, the postulates of Bakhtin (2003; 2006), Pêcheux (1995; 1997), Maingueneau (2005; 2008), among other theorists, in a constant dialogue with social science authors. The main results of this study and the meaning of what has been done show that the manifestation of the indigenous discursive ethos Tapuia in the sociocultural imaginary formations of some members of both the goianos municipalities above occurs in dialogical relations, since that the production conditions are presented in the socio-historical-cultural context. Finally, the ambivalent settings that are imagined about the form-subject Tapuia, at certain times represented by a search for ethnic racial authenticity foisted on indigenous communities regulating the image of themselves. That is, with greater emphasis on the return to the devices of knowledge and power of domination. In another moments in the discursive strategies which focus in the valorization of the subject forms of this group at their ways of presenting themselves in the spaces of the aforementioned municipalities of Goiás, in order to see them as protagonists of theirs stories in today's social spaces.
NASCIMENTO, E. M. A configuração das formações imaginárias na representação do ethos discursivo indígena Tapuia. 2016. 175 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Letras e Linguística) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.