Considerações sobre a biodiversidade de abelhas brasileiras: vícios de coleta, distribuições potenciais e fragmentação
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The world we live in faces fast and intense environmental changes, deeply related to human activities, which directly or indirectly are related to the current biodiversity crisis. Thus, the existence of quality biological, ecological, and distributional data is of utmost importance for the support of active conservation practices. Nonetheless, both Linnean (lack of taxonomical data) and Wallacean (lack of distributional data) shortfalls are important setbacks hindering the effectiveness of conservationist decisions. The data harbored in museums and overall collections is excellent to support conservational measures. Nonetheless, usually this data is biased and needs to be adequately filtered before being used. Insect and arthropod species are under sampled, what impedes them to be properly considered under Conservation Biogeography frameworks. In such scenario, even insect groups with relatively known biology and ecology are neglected in practical conservation actions. Despite that, with the advent of new computational tools allied with good theories and good distributional data of insect species, it is possible to contemplate those biological groups in concrete and efficient conservation actions. Therefore, in the first part of this thesis, considering bees from the Megachile genus (Chapter 1) and from the Meliponini tribe (Chapter 2), we evaluated potential biases affecting those data, but also evaluate potential areas for new field surveys. The Wallacean shortfalls are commonly used to justify the implementation of new field surveys. Therefore, in the second part of this thesis, we used the new occurrences of the bee species [Aglae caerulea (Apidae: Eulgossini) – Chapter 3; and the exotic species, Lithurgus huberi (Apidae: Lithurgini) – Chapter 4] allied with distribution modelling to predict these species potential distributions and indicate areas for future new samplings. On the third and last part of the thesis, we considered a regional spatial scale and habitat loss and fragmentation questions to address their effects on the bee biodiversity from the Cerrado biome found within the Goiás state. In Chapter 5, we evaluated the effects of anthropic areas amount and their isolation on two orchid-bee species from the Cerrado (Eulaema nigrita and Eufriesea auriceps), which apparently are not affected by the increase of anthropic areas in this biome. Later, in the last chapter (Chapter 6), we evaluated the response of all bee community we sampled in Cerrado areas within state of Goiás, as well as the sub groups of eusocial and solitary species, to the landscape structure of our sampling areas, considering different local spatial scales.
SILVA, D. P. Considerações sobre a biodiversidade de abelhas brasileiras: vícios de coleta, distribuições potenciais e fragmentação. 2014. 255 f. Tese (Doutorado em Ecologia e Evolução) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2014.