Fatores institucionais associados à evasão na educação superior

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Dropout is one of the bottlenecks to be overcome by education in its various stages, especially in Higher Education, in which the Educational Institutions suffer from the constant losses of students. In order to better understand this phenomenon, this research aimed to describe the institutional factors associated with it, using as normative reference the concept of evasion of the Special Study Committee of ANDIFES, which defines as evade any student who definitively leaves the original course without, therefore, concluding it. The research was carried out within the framework of the Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Goiás, which has fourteen campuses in several cities of the state. The microdata of the Higher Education Census, in the period from 2010 to 2014, were used and analyzed using Descriptive Statistics mechanisms. As a result, it was observed that several institutional factors mentioned in the literature regarding the dropout rate did not significantly influence evasion in the analyzed educational institution, such as the course shift and duration. The average dropout rate per course found in the study is quite floating, with the values between the lowest and the highest evasion rates being very different, 8% and 42%, respectively. In the analyzed institution, there are educational policies that contribute - or at least should contribute - to the permanence of the student in the course. The most evident pedagogical aspect of the institution is the monitoring program, which assists students with more difficulty in some course subjects. The institutional evaluation allows both the internal and external community to contribute, in order to allow the institution to identify possible bottlenecks affecting the administration. On the other hand, when analyzing the average annual evasion of this institution in the period, it is noted that it follows a pattern of similarity.
CARVALHO, Alessandro Pires de. Fatores institucionais associados à evasão na educação superior. 2017. 89 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Administração) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.