Espacialidades de tensão: l(ug)ar, vínculos e irreverências na lavoura arcaica
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Originally published in 1975, Lavoura Arcaica (Ancient Tillage), written by Raduan Nassar is considered one of the main Brazilian literary productions of the 20th century, being also responsible for many of the author’s awards. The romance follows, in first person, the story of André, middle son of a peasant family, who runs from home to get away to the submissions of the patriarch and to cope with the rejection of the sister after the incestuous act, but returns after the supplications of Pedro, the oldest brother. By the authoritative nexus of the father, always reinforcing the ideas of union and patience, situations of continuous discomfort have to be put up by the protagonist. In order to decipher these relations, the existentialist phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty is used as the theoretical basis. In this approach of Humanist and Cultural Geography, it was possible to identify the diverse tensions that manifests and builds up the place. In the passages which the everyday of the tillage is unraveled, the way the home and the power influx is composed, it was possible to evidence the obtuse and complex feelings that are contraposed in ways that architects a place that is founded on contradictions. André offers a perspective of place that is not a space of bonding, but of attachments. Mainly in the book are the linkages of ancestry, blood, passion, hate, strength, religiousness, survival, bonding, nature, corporeality, imposition, and others; each with its relational possibilities. It is by the way of those attachments that the characters are going to interact at and with the place-Tillage. By the means of the concepts of place-ballet, temporality and home, the notions of the ways by with place and subject are inserted in a profound and tense dialect was reconstructed. In the contrapositions made aware by the limit situations of the novel, it was possible to explore the spatialities of being-in-the-world and comprehend the existential dynamics at the nature of place.
SOUZA JÚNIOR, C. R. B. Espacialidades de tensão: l(ug)ar, vínculos e irreverências na lavoura arcaica. 2017. 248 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.