Construções existenciais no português brasileiro em perspectiva construcional

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This research is a study about existential constructions in contemporary Brazilian Portuguese. The works of Viotti (1999), Avelar (2006a), Pezatti (2014), Vitório (2008), Franchi, Negrão and Viotti (1998) found that there is a type of construction in which the verbs Ter, Haver and Existir are used as introducers of speech object in enunciative sequence in Brazilian Portuguese. From this, we aim to describe and analyze the form / function pairing of existential constructs, from the semantic / cognitive, morphosyntactic and pragmatic properties. In addition, verify their specificity of performance at the level of the text. In order to do so, the theoretical-methodological assumptions of the constructional approach, more specifically of Frame Semantics, in terms of Fillmore (1982) and the Construction Grammar, in the Goldberg (1995, 2006) and Croft (2001) . The central hypothesis is that the morphosyntactic design of this construction is evoked by a conceptual / perceptual frame scene, and thus there are levels of instantiated instantiations in linguistic expressions. This semantic / syntactic / pragmatic configuration acts at the textual level, specifically in the process of reference, aiding in the degree of informativeness of varied texts. The constructional approach considers language integrated with cognitive, sociointerational and cultural capacities, and language as a complex adaptive system with a fluid, that is, procedural structure. Precisely, Frames Semantics analyzes linguistic phenomena based on the recognition that meaning involves a web of cultural knowledge of the world, sensory-motor experiences being primary sources of this knowledge and thus the senses are relativized to the scenes. The Grammatical of Constructions defines the grammar of a language as a conceptual network, a system of cognitively interconnected entities, that constructional meaning designates a conceptual-perceptive scene based on human experience (GOLDBERG, 1995, FILLMORE, 1985, LAKOFF, 1987). With this theoretical conception, we present the results of the research that involves the uses of the existential construction in the variant of Goian Portuguese. The corpora chosen for the study are the Corpus Fala Goiana and a copy of written texts from the newspapers of Goiás. The analyzes confirmed the hypothesis that this construction presents degrees of abstraction, acting at the textual level, helping the process of reference and the degree of information.
COSTA, Lucas Alves. Construções existenciais no português brasileiro em perspectiva construcional. 2018. 131 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Letras e Linguística) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.