Criminalidade e encarceramento: discursos sobre a reincidência penitenciária
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The high level of crime, violence and recidivism reveal the Brazilian public security situation. The purpose of this study is to understand discourses about penitentiary recidivism in order to discuss the relationship between institution, subject and recidivism. A review of the literature and an open interview were carried out, in which six stories of recidivists were heard. The data was operationalized by Categorical Content Analysis. The dissertation is structured in three chapters. In the first chapter, the arrest was presented as a concrete institution that updates force and power regimes of sovereignty and discipline diagrams. Then, in the second chapter, three categories of discourses were constructed based on the analysis of the data found in the literature, namely, the discourse of pathologization, the discourse of institutionalization and discourse of social exclusion. Such categories represent justifications for recidivism from the construction of truths about the recidivist subject and the prison institution. Finally, we present, in the third chapter, speeches elaborated from listening to repeat offenders. That justifies the recidivism through four categories: fatalism, revenge, institutionalization and ostentation. They are different behaviors that express answers to the incarceration situation and to the exercise of criminality. It is concluded that recidivism is multidetermined by social, political, economic, and subjective forces and, as such, it is constituted by conduct that profoundly structures the lives of subjects who have already passed through jail and, for different reasons, no longer distance their trajectories crime and prison institutions.
ALENCAR, A. K. S. Criminalidade e encarceramento: discursos sobre a reincidência penitenciária. 2018. 130 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.