Saneamento rural: o esgotamento sanitário no Programa Moradia Camponesa

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Given the long way of invisibility of rural areas in public policies on housing and sanitation in the country, this research work is emerge from the central theme on the access of the population benefited with social housing programs to adequate sanitation solutions in rural areas. The debate is developed from the experience with the Programa Moradia Camponesa (PMC), which compose the National Rural Housing Program (PNHR) in the municipalities of Silvânia and Vianópolis in Goiás. The challenges faced during the program in relation to alternatives to sanitary sewage in housing units inspired the first questions of the research: How is sanitation addressed in housing programs of social interest in rural areas? The research was guided by the hypothesis that sanitation solutions are transplanted from urban to rural experiences, leading to inconsistencies with the reality of the traditional rural worker's way of life; the particularities of the construction site and the self-construction of the housing units. Based on the initial hypothesis, two research bases were fundamentally considered: a) the dynamics of the Programa Moradia Camponesa for the implementation of sanitary sewage solutions in housing units; b) the different parts involved in promoting sanitary sewage conditions in social housing of the program and the relationships established between them. It was verified that the incorporation of urban technologies in rural areas happens from the structure, bureaucracy and operationalization of the program, inherited from the experiences with the urban housing programs. The issue of sanitation is treated in a secondary way, from the demand for accountability with the guidelines of public policy. Despite culminating in the same object (the house), public policies on housing of social interest and basic sanitation remain fragmented in programs and initiatives in rural regions.
SACHO, S. D. Saneamento rural: o esgotamento sanitário no Programa Moradia Camponesa. 2018. 132 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Ambientais) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.