Jurisdição pontifícia, direito e bem comum: o poder decisório papal na destituição de Sancho II

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Universidade Federal de Goiás
This work is intended to analyze the decision-making power of the papacy in the processes of deposition proclaimed by Innocent IV (1243-1254), with greater emphasis in the sentence that pushed out, of the portuguese kingdom, the rule of the king Sancho II (1223-1248). The terms pontifical jurisdiction, law and common good, provide the ingredients that indicate the complexity of the problem. The papacy assumed it had the power to depose, however did these notions strengthened the sense that somehow that power was limited? It evidently could not merely be done in this study a theoretical reflection about the matter of deposition. It wasn´t only a discourse the process of deposition, or a verdict coasted in outstanding facts that justified the pontifical decision. It was a product that also corresponded to the demands of characters and groups, like in the portuguese scenario, of an alternative for the realm seeked out by the members of the political community, but also known that was necessary to oblige to some rites, as it was a legally based world. Unlike the emperor considered to be a tyrant and convicted as a heretic, the unfolding of the process that pushed Sancho II from the government, turned him into an absent ruler. After a period of vacancy in the papacy product of the clashes with the emperor Frederick II (1194-1250), the council of Lyon was summoned in 1245, which had as its main guideline to find the solution to the turmoil towards that enemy. There, the portuguese prelates raised their voices against their king, achieving his removal after the assembly. It does not means that with such outcome, that the analysis should be biased towards assigning the monarch with his famous attributes of weakness, uselessness or simplicity, or rather turn him into a good king, but the heart of the matter here is far greater than that. This thesis revisits and performs a new analysis of it. With a large set of sources in hands, it was made an effort in understanding those issues with an aim to gather its own dynamics.
COUTO, J. T. Jurisdição pontifícia, direito e bem comum: o poder decisório papal na destituição de Sancho II. 2019. 213 f. Tese (Doutorado em História) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2019.