Terceirização: um estudo sobre trabalhadores terceirizados e não terceirizados em uma instituição de ensino superior
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Work in modernity occupies a central position in the life of the human being. Thus, aspects that concern the world of work end up influencing the whole existence of the individual. The shift from the prevalence of the fordist / taylorist model to the flexible toyotista model, added with the process of globalization and financialization of production, led to a process of deterritorialization and outsourcing of production. Both processes have the objective of reducing labor costs, either through the use of labor deregulation in some countries, or through more flexible ways of hiring labor. This paper aims to discuss, from a critical point of view, the possible impacts of the outsourcing phenomenon on the working-class life, from the point of view of outsourced and non-outsourced workers who carry out activities in a Higher Education Institution. The outsourcing process has been approached from three contexts - administrative, legal and social. The administrative aspect points to outsourcing as a "modern form of management", where the contracting company concentrates efforts on its core business. Regarding the legal aspects, the legal changes that have made the hiring of outsourced work, previously totally prohibited, become fully permitted, including those related to the company's main activities. In the social aspect, outsourcing is seen as one of the forms of precariousness of work, contributing to the commercialization of human activity, to intensify work and to weaken collective protection mechanisms (unions). The research was developed through a qualitative design, seeking the in-depth understanding of the phenomenon. Interviews were conducted with outsourced and non-outsourced workers who carry out their activities in a Higher Education Institution. Considering that social life can be thought from an interconnected network of social practices of different typologies, the data collected will be analyzed using the Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA) technique. The life history interviews with the workers allowed the understanding of some of the historical and social context that brought the members of these groups to the present moment. The study also allowed us to verify the extent to which these parallel stories at the beginning have tended to diverge to the detriment of outsourced workers during the work cycle. Longer working hours, lower wages, lack of job stability, high turnover of workers, constant change of company, impossibility to access labor rights, union isolation, lack of institutional incentives, among others, makes this new service proletariat a "precarious work class". As a suggestion for future research, the studies with workers who perform other activities and are part of the same legal regime can bring new dimensions, new categories of analysis and promote new discussions that this study could not achieve.
CAMILO, Taynan. Terceirização: um estudo sobre trabalhadores terceirizados e não terceirizados em uma instituição de ensino superior. 2019. 159 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Administração) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2019.