Da folia ao giro da Santa: território-lugar e identidade na Romaria Kalunga de N. Sra. Aparecida
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
The Romaria de Nossa Senhora Aparecida is a feast that takes place in Kalunga communities Diadema ans Ribeirão, in Teresina de Goiás. The main objective of this research was to investigate how the festive rituals of the Romaria de Nossa Senhora Aparecida act in the production of an symbolic territory (or several symbolic territories), in the emergence of territoriality, in the construction of a territorial identity for the Kalunga communities where it occurs. We inquire, therefore: How does the feast strengthens the ties between the residents and those with their own territory? What measure and how the festive rituals reproduced by the collective memory are configured as producers of a territorial identity? What senses and "spatial feelings" the feast, as experience and tradition, evokes in the communities? How are the feast influences in the (re) production of space and how it changes because of that? The methodological procedures performed were the literature review in books, articles, magazines and other; fieldwork with participant research, semi-structured interviews, Participatory Rural Appraisal techniques and Oral History. The cataloging and interpretation of transcriptions of material collected in the fieldwork were supported by Content Analysis. It was possible to understand how the Romaria de Nossa Senhora Aparecida is important for the local culture and how in it are consolidated many strategies and power relations, institutionalized or not, of political, economic, social or territorial nature. But is its symbolic character, the existence of feelings of belonging, familiarity, security, affection, relation with the sacred that characterize the presence of the place in the pilgrimage territory. Thence, we defend the possibility of reflection about the territory-place, a relational perspective between these two concepts. As a conclusion of the research, we consider the need to situate the feast on its territorial and temporal context of existence, because it is what will define their idiosyncratic peculiarities. We ponder further that the pilgrimage also acts in shaping of the territory of communities by means of the territoriality of its people. And it provides a certain world-view about the lived space, as well as the territory gives to pilgrimage a sense of being. This interrelation is essential for the formation of territorial identity of communities Kaluga Diadema and Ribeirão.
LIMA, Luana Nunes Martins de. Da folia ao giro da Santa: território-lugar e identidade na Romaria Kalunga de N. Sra. Aparecida. 2014. 198 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Geografia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2014.