Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/11023
Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Hydrological disturbance overrides the effect of substratum roughness on the resistance and resilience of stream benthic algae
Autor: Schneck, Fabiana
Melo, Adriano Sanches
Abstract: Habitat heterogeneity in lotic systems is usually associated with the availability of refuges. Heterogeneous habitats (here, rough substrata) should mediate the effect of high-flow disturbances by protecting benthic algae, thus increasing the resistance and resilience of the system. Additionally, the ability of algae to resist a disturbance and recover after it should be dependent on biological traits that confer resistance and resilience. 2. We designed a field experiment, simulating a high-flow event with bed movement, to test the effect of substratum roughness on the resistance (assessed as the similarity between samples collected before and immediately after disturbance) and resilience (the similarity between samples collected before and 7 and 15 days after disturbance) of five algal life forms. We evaluated whether algal resistance and resilience were higher on rough than on smooth substrata, and whether the life forms differed in their ability to resist and recover from a disturbance. 3. Rough substrata had higher species richness than smooth substrata at all sampling periods, even immediately after the disturbance. There was no significant effect of substratum roughness on algal resistance and resilience, for both species richness and density of the total assemblage. Neither did roughness affect the resistance and resilience of the total algal assemblage or of the algal life forms separately, when evaluated using multivariate data sets (presence-absence and quantitative). 4. Algal life forms differed in resistance and resilience; adnate ⁄prostrate and erect⁄ stalked species were more resistant and resilient than the other life forms (filamentous, motile and metaphytic). Additionally, motile species resisted and recovered better than did species that are only loosely associated with the substratum (metaphytic species). 5. Substratum roughness had no pronounced effect on benthic algal resistance and resilience. The results of this and some other studies suggest that the intensity of disturbance determines the importance of habitat heterogeneity and flow refuges for benthic algae in streams.
Palavras-chave: Algal life form
Floods
Habitat heterogeneity
Periphyton
Refuges
País: brasil
Programa: Programa de Pós-Graduação em Ecologia e Evolução
Citação: SCHNECK, F.; MELO, A. S. Hydrological disturbance overrides the effect of substratum roughness on the resistance and resilience of stream benthic algae. Freshwater Biology , v. 57, p. 1678-1688, 2012. Disponível em: <http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02830.x/epdf>.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02830.x
Identificador do documento: 10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02830.x
URI: http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2427.2012.02830.x/epdf
http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/11023
Data de publicação: 14-Jun-2012
Aparece nas coleções:ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos



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