Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/11987
Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Conservation actions based on red lists do not capture the functional and phylogenetic diversity of birds in Brazil
Autor: Hidasi Neto, José
Loyola, Rafael Dias
Cianciaruso, Marcus Vinicius
Abstract: Red Lists of threatened species play a critical role in conservation science and practice. However, policy-making based on Red Lists ignores ecological and evolutionary consequences of losing biodiversity because these lists focus on species alone. To decide if relying on Red Lists alone can help to conserve communities’ functional (FD) and phylogenetic (PD) diversity, it is useful to evaluate whether Red List categories represent species with diverse ecological traits and evolutionary histories. Additionally, local scale analyses using regional Red Lists should represent more realistic pools of co-occurring species and thereby better capture eventual losses of FD and PD. Here, we used 21 life-history traits and a phylogeny for all Brazilian birds to determine whether species assigned under the IUCN global Red List, the Brazilian national, and regional Red Lists capture more FD and PD than expected by chance. We also built local Red Lists and analysed if they capture more FD and PD at the local scale. Further, we investigated whether individual threat categories have species with greater FD and PD than expected by chance. At any given scale, threat categories did not capture greater FD or PD than expected by chance. Indeed, mostly categories captured equal or less FD or PD than expected by chance. These findings would not have great consequences if Red Lists were not often considered as a major decision support tool for policy-making. Our results challenge the practice of investing conservation resources based only on species Red Lists because, from an ecological and evolutionary point of view, this would be the same as protecting similar or random sets of species. Thus, new prioritization methods, such as the EDGE of Existence initiative, should be developed and applied to conserve species’ ecological traits and evolutionary histories at different spatial scales.
Palavras-chave: Phylogenetic diversity
Biodiversity
País: Estados unidos
Instituição: Public Library of Science
Unidade acadêmica: Instituto de Ciências Biológicas - ICB (RG)
Citação: HIDASI NETO, José; LOYOLA, Rafael Dias; CIANCIARUSO, Marcus Vinicius. Conservation actions based on red lists do not capture the functional and phylogenetic diversity of birds in Brazil. Plos One, San Francisco, v. 8, n. 9, p. e73431, Sept. 2013.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073431
e- 1932-6203
Identificador do documento: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073431
e- 1932-6203
URI: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/11987
Data de publicação: Set-2013
Aparece nas coleções:ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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