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Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Biochar increases plant-available water in a sandy loam soil under an aerobic rice crop system
Autor: Carvalho, Márcia Thais de Melo
Maia, Aline de Holanda Nunes
Madari, Beata Emoke
Lammert, Bastiaans
Van Oort, Pepijn A. J.
Heinemann, Alexandre Bryan
Silva, Mellissa Ananias Soler da
Petter, Fabiano André
Marimon Júnior, Ben Hur
Meinke, Holger
Abstract: The main objective of this study was to assess the impact of biochar rate (0, 8, 16 and 32 Mg ha −1 ) on the water retention capacity (WRC) of a sandy loam Dys- tric Plinthosol. The applied biochar was a by-product of slow pyrolysis (∼ 450 ◦ C) of eucalyptus wood, milled to pass through a 2000 μm sieve that resulted in a material with an intrinsic porosity ≤ 10 μm and a specific surface area of ∼ 3.2 m 2 g −1 . The biochar was incorporated into the top 15 cm of the soil under an aerobic rice system. Our study focused on both the effects on WRC and rice yields 2 and 3 years after its application. Undisturbed soil samples were collected from 16 plots in two soil layers (5–10 and 15– 20 cm). Soil water retention curves were modelled using a nonlinear mixed model which appropriately accounts for un- certainties inherent of spatial variability and repeated mea- surements taken within a specific soil sample. We found an increase in plant-available water in the upper soil layer pro- portional to the rate of biochar, with about 0.8 % for each Mg ha −1 biochar amendment 2 and 3 years after its appli- cation. The impact of biochar on soil WRC was most likely related to an effect in overall porosity of the sandy loam soil, which was evident from an increase in saturated soil mois- ture and macro porosity with 0.5 and 1.6 % for each Mg ha −1 of biochar applied, respectively. The increment in soil WRC did not translate into an increase in rice yield, essentially be- cause in both seasons the amount of rainfall during the crit- ical period for rice production exceeded 650 mm. The use of biochar as a soil amendment can be a worthy strategy to guarantee yield stability under short-term water-limited con- ditions. Our findings raise the importance of assessing the feasibility of very high application rates of biochar and the inclusion of a detailed analysis of its physical and chemical properties as part of future investigations.
País: Holanda
Unidade acadêmica: Escola de Agronomia e de Engenharia de Alimentos - EAEA (RG)
Citação: CARVALHO, M. T. de Melo; MAIA, A. de Holanda Nunes; MADARI, B. E.; BASTIAANS, L.; VAN OORT, P. A. J.; HEINEMANN, A. B.; SILVA, M. A. Soler da; PETTER, F. A.; MARIMON JR., B. H.; MEINKE, H. Biochar increases plant-available water in a sandy loam soil under an aerobic rice crop system. Solid Earth, Utrecht, v. 5, p. 939-952, 2014.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.5194/se-5-939-2014
Identificador do documento: 10.5194/se-5-939-2014
Data de publicação: 2014
Aparece nas coleções:EA - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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