Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/15433
Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Interleukin 32γ (IL-32γ) is highly expressed in cutaneous and mucosal lesions of American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis patients: association with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-10
Autor: Galdino Júnior, Hélio
Maldaner, Anetícia Eduarda
Pessoni, Lívia Lara
Soriani, Frederico Marianetti
Pereira, Ledice Inácia de Araújo
Pinto, Sebastião Alves
Duarte, Fernanda Bugalho
Gomes, Clayson Moura
Fleuri, Anna Karoline Aguiar
Dorta, Miriam Cristina Leandro
Oliveira, Milton Adriano Pelli de
Teixeira, Mauro Martins
Batista, Aline Carvalho
Joosten, Leo A. B.
Vieira, Leda Quercia
Dias, Fátima Ribeiro
Abstract: Background: The interleukin 32 (IL-32) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced by immune and non-immune cells. It can be induced during bacterial and viral infections, but its production was never investigated in protozoan infections. American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis (ATL) is caused by Leishmania protozoan leading to cutaneous, nasal or oral lesions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the expression of IL-32 in cutaneous and mucosal lesions as well as in peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) exposed to Leishmania (Viannia) braziliensis. Methods: IL-32, tumour necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-10 protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry in cutaneous, mucosal lesions and compared to healthy specimens. The isoforms of IL-32α, β, δ, γ mRNA, TNF mRNA and IL-10 mRNA were assessed by qPCR in tissue biopsies of lesions and healthy skin and mucosa. In addition, PBMC from healthy donors were cultured with amastigotes of L. (V.) braziliensis. In lesions, the parasite subgenus was identified by PCR-RFLP. Results: We showed that the mRNA expression of IL-32, in particular IL-32γ was similarly up-regulated in lesions of cutaneous (CL) or mucosal (ML) leishmaniasis patients. IL-32 protein was produced by epithelial, endothelial, mononuclear cells and giant cells. The IL-32 protein expression was associated with TNF in ML but not in CL. IL-32 was not associated with IL-10 in both CL and ML. Expression of TNF mRNA was higher in ML than in CL lesions, however levels of IL-10 mRNA were similar in both clinical forms. In all lesions in which the parasite was detected, L. (Viannia) subgenus was identified. Interestingly, L. (V.) braziliensis induced only IL-32γ mRNA expression in PBMC from healthy individuals. Conclusions: These data suggest that IL-32 plays a major role in the inflammatory process caused by L. (Viannia) sp or that IL-32 is crucial for controlling the L. (Viannia) sp infection.
Palavras-chave: IL-32
Leishmania (viannia) sp
TNF
IL-10
Leishmaniasis
País: Gra-bretanha
Unidade acadêmica: Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - IPTSP (RG)
Citação: GALDINO JR., Hélio; MALDANER, Anetícia Eduarda; PESSONI, Lívia Lara; SORIANI, Frederico M.; PEREIRA, Ledice Inácia de Araújo; PINTO, Sebastião Alves; DUARTE, Fernanda Bugalho; GOMES, Clayson Moura; FLEURI, Anna Karoline Aguiar; DORTA, Miriam Leandro; OLIVEIRA, Milton Adriano Pelli de; TEIXEIRA, Mauro Martins; BATISTA, Aline Carvalho; JOOSTEN, LEO A. B.; VIEIRA, Leda Quercia; RIBEIRO-DIAS, Fátima. Interleukin 32γ (IL-32γ) is highly expressed in cutaneous and mucosal lesions of American Tegumentary Leishmaniasis patients: association with tumor necrosis factor (TNF) and IL-10. BMC Infectious Diseases, London, v. 14, p. 1-13, 2014.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-249
Identificador do documento: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-249
URI: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/15433
Data de publicação: 2014
Aparece nas coleções:IPTSP - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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