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Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Challenges in clinical and laboratory diagnosis of androgen insensitivity syndrome: a case report
Autor: Melo, Caroline Araújo de Oliveira
Silva, Daniela de Melo e
Cruz, Aparecido Divino da
Abstract: Introduction: Androgen is a generic term usually applied to describe a group of sex steroid hormones. Androgens are responsible for male sex differentiation during embryogenesis at the sixth or seventh week of gestation, triggering the development of the testes and penis in male fetuses, and are directed by the testicular determining factor: the gene SRY (sex determining region on Y chromosome) located on the short arm of chromosome Y. The differentiation of male external genitalia (penis, scrotum and penile urethra) occurs between the 9th and 13th weeks of pregnancy and requires adequate concentration of testosterone and the conversion of this to another more potent androgen, dihydrotestosterone, through the action of 5a-reductase in target tissues. Case presentation: This report describes the case of a teenage girl presenting with a male karyotype, and aims to determine the extension of the mutation that affected the AR gene. A Caucasian girl aged 15 was referred to our laboratory for genetic testing due to primary amenorrhea. Physical examination, karyotype testing and molecular analysis of the androgen receptor were critical in making the correct diagnosis of complete androgen insensitivity syndrome. Conclusions: Sex determination and differentiation depend on a cascade of events that begins with the establishment of chromosomal sex at fertilization and ends with sexual maturation at puberty, subsequently leading to fertility. Mutations affecting the AR gene may cause either complete or partial androgen insensitivity syndrome. The case reported here is consistent with complete androgen insensitivity syndrome, misdiagnosed at birth, and consequently our patient was raised both socially and educationally as a female. It is critical that health care providers understand the importance of properly diagnosing a newborn manifesting ambiguous genitalia. Furthermore, a child with a pseudohermaphrodite phenotype should always undergo adequate endocrine and genetic testing to reach a conclusive diagnosis before gender is assigned and surgical interventions are carried out. Our results show that extreme care must be taken in selecting the genetic tools that are utilized for the diagnosis for androgen insensitivity syndrome.
País: Outros
Unidade acadêmica: Instituto de Ciências Biológicas - ICB (RG)
Citação: MELO, Caroline O. A.; SILVA, Daniela M.; CRUZ, Aparecido D. da. Challenges in clinical and laboratory diagnosis of androgen insensitivity syndrome: a case report. Journal of Medical Case Reports, London, v. 5, e446, 2011.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-446
Identificador do documento: 10.1186/1752-1947-5-446
Data de publicação: 2011
Aparece nas coleções:ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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