Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/15554
Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Pathogenesis and immune responses in gnotobiotic calves after infection with the genogroup ii.4-hs66 strain of human norovirus
Autor: Souza, Menira Borges de Lima Dias e
Azevedo, Marli da Silva Pereira de
Jung, K.
Cheetham, S.
Saif, L. J.
Abstract: We previously characterized the pathogenesis of two host-specific bovine enteric caliciviruses (BEC), the GIII.2 norovirus (NoV) strain CV186-OH and the phylogenetically unassigned NB strain, in gnotobiotic (Gn) calves. In this study we evaluated the Gn calf as an alternative animal model to study the pathogenesis and host immune responses to the human norovirus (HuNoV) strain GII.4-HS66. The HuNoV HS66 strain caused diarrhea (five/five calves) and intestinal lesions (one/two calves tested) in the proximal small intestine (duo- denum and jejunum) of Gn calves, with lesions similar to, but less severe than, those described for the Newbury agent 2 (NA-2) and NB BEC. Viral capsid antigen was also detected in the jejunum of the proximal small intestine of one of two calves tested by immunohistochemistry. All inoculated calves shed virus in feces (five/five calves), and one/five had viremia. Antibodies and cytokine (proinflammatory, tumor necrosis factor alpha [TNF-␣]; Th1, interleukin-12 [IL-12] and gamma interferon [IFN-␥]; Th2, IL-4; Th2/T-regulatory, IL-10) profiles were determined in serum, feces, and intestinal contents (IC) of the HuNoV-HS66-inoculated calves (n ⴝ 5) and controls (n ⴝ 4) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in the acute (postinoculation day 3 [PID 3]) and convalescent (PID 28) stages of infection. The HuNoV-HS66-specific antibody and cytokine-secreting cells (CSCs) were quantitated by ELISPOT in mononuclear cells of local and systemic tissues at PID 28. Sixty-seven percent of the HuNoV-HS66-inoculated calves seroconverted, and 100% coproconverted with immunoglobulin A (IgA) and/or IgG antibodies to HuNoV-HS66, at low titers. The highest numbers of antibody-secreting cells (ASC), both IgA and IgG, were detected locally in intestine, but systemic IgA and IgG ASC responses also occurred in the HuNoV-HS66-inoculated calves. In serum, HuNoV-HS66 induced higher peaks of TNF-␣ and IFN-␥ at PIDs 2, 7, and 10; of IL-4 and IL-10 at PID 4; and of IL-12 at PIDs 7 and 10, compared to controls. In feces, cytokines increased earlier (PID 1) than in serum and TNF-␣ and IL-10 were elevated acutely in the IC of the HS66-inoculated calves. Compared to controls, at PID 28 higher numbers of IFN-␥ and TNF-␣ CSCs were detected in mesenteric lymph nodes (MLN) or spleen and Th2 (IL-4) CSCs were elevated in intestine; IL-10 CSCs were highest in spleen. Our study provides new data confirming HuNoV-HS66 replication and enteropathogenicity in Gn calves and reveals important and comprehensive aspects of the host’s local (intestine and MLN) and systemic (spleen and blood) immune responses to HuNoV-HS66.
País: Estados unidos
Unidade acadêmica: Instituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - IPTSP (RG)
Citação: SOUZA, M.; AZEVEDO, M. S. P.; JUNG, K.; CHEETHAM, S.; SAIF, L. J. Pathogenesis and immune responses in gnotobiotic calves after infection with the genogroup ii.4-hs66 strain of human norovirus. Journal of Virology, Washington, v. 82, n. 4, p. 1777-1786, Nov. 2008.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.1128/JVI.01347-07
Identificador do documento: 10.1128/JVI.01347-07
URI: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/15554
Data de publicação: Fev-2008
Aparece nas coleções:IPTSP - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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