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Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Peptaibols from Trichoderma asperellum TR356 strain isolated from brazilian soil
Autor: Brito, João Paulo Cabral de
Ramada, Marcelo Henrique Soller
Magalhães, Mariana Torquato Quezado de
Silva, Luciano Paulino da
Ulhôa, Cirano José
Abstract: The Trichoderma genus consists of a group of free-living filamentous fungi, including species able to act as biological control agents (BCAs) against pathogenic fungi. It is believed that this ability is due to synergy between several mechanisms, including the production of a wide variety of secondary metabolites by these organisms. Among these, we highlight the production of peptaibols, an antibiotic peptide group characterized by the presence of non-proteinogenic amino acids such as α-aminoisobutyrate (Aib), as well as by N-terminal modifications and amino alcohols in the C-terminal region. This study aimed to outline a profile of peptaibol production and to identify secreted peptaibols from the Trichoderma asperellum TR356 strain, described as an efficient BCA against S. sclerotiorum. The fungus was grown on TLE 0.3% glucose medium for 5 days, with agitation at 120 rpm in the dark. Liquid medium filtrate was used as the metabolite source. These extracts were subjected to high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) and subsequent analysis by matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF). The results indicate the production of two classes of peptaibols for this T. asperellum strain. Primary structures of two asperelines (A and E) and five trichotoxins (T5D2, T5E, T5F, T5G and 1717A) have been elucidated. Most of these peptaibols had been previously described in T. viride and T. asperellum marine strains. This is the first report of some of these compounds being produced by a T. asperellum strain from soil. Future analyses will be necessary to elucidate the three-dimensional structures and their activities against pathogens.
Palavras-chave: Trichoderma asperellum
Mass spectrometry
País: Gra-bretanha
Unidade acadêmica: Instituto de Ciências Biológicas - ICB (RG)
Citação: BRITO, João Paulo Cabral de; RAMADA, Marcelo H. S.; MAGALHÃES, Mariana T. Q. de; SILVA, Luciano P.; ULHOA, Cirano J. Peptaibols from Trichoderma asperellum TR356 strain isolated from brazilian soil. SpringerPlus, London, v. 3, n. 600, p. 1-10, 2014.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Data de publicação: 2014
Aparece nas coleções:ICB - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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