Use este identificador para citar ou linkar para este item: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/16645
Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Genetic aspects of athletic performance: the African runners phenomenon
Autor: Vancini, Rodrigo Luiz
Pesquero, João Bosco
Fachina, Rafael Júlio de Freitas Guina
Andrade, Marília dos Santos
Borin, João Paulo
Montagner, Paulo César
Lira, Claudio Andre Barbosa
Abstract: The current dominance of African runners in long-distance running is an intriguing phenomenon that highlights the close relationship between genetics and physical performance. Many factors in the interesting interaction between genotype and phenotype (eg, high cardio- respiratory fitness, higher hemoglobin concentration, good metabolic efficiency, muscle fiber composition, enzyme profile, diet, altitude training, and psychological aspects) have been pro- posed in the attempt to explain the extraordinary success of these runners. Increasing evidence shows that genetics may be a determining factor in physical and athletic performance. But, could this also be true for African long-distance runners? Based on this question, this brief review proposed the role of genetic factors (mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid, the Y chromosome, and the angiotensin-converting enzyme and the alpha-actinin-3 genes) in the amazing athletic performance observed in African runners, especially the Kenyans and Ethiopians, despite their environmental constraints.
Palavras-chave: Genes
Endurance runners
Genotype
Physical exercise
País: Gra-bretanha
Unidade acadêmica: Faculdade de Educação Física e Dança - FEFD (RG)
Citação: VANCINI, Rodrigo Luiz et al. Genetic aspects of athletic performance: the african runners phenomenon. Open Access Journal of Sports Medicine, London, v. 5, p. 123-127, 2014.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.2147/OAJSM.S61361
Identificador do documento: 10.2147/OAJSM.S61361
URI: http://repositorio.bc.ufg.br/handle/ri/16645
Data de publicação: 2014
Aparece nas coleções:FM - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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