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Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Social capital and quality of life in adolescent apprentices in Brazil: an exploratory study
Autor: Campos, Ana Cristina Viana
Borges, Carolina Marques
Leles, Cláudio Rodrigues
Lucas, Simone Dutra
Ferreira, Efigênia Ferreira e
Abstract: Background: Adolescents who rely on social aid networks tend to be more socially competent and enjoy higher levels of quality of life than those who interact only with their own limited groups of family and friends. In this light, the present study aimed to measure social capital and analyse its possible relation to adolescents’ quality of life. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical study with 363 adolescents from the Brazilian NGO. The instruments used included a short Portuguese version of the Integrated Questionnaire to Measure Social Capital (SC-QI) from the World Bank and its abbreviated Portu- guese version from the World Health Organi- zation Quality of Life Bref (WHOQoL-Bref) used to measure the quality of life. To measure social capital, the present study chose to use a segmentation analysis, along with the Two-Step Cluster method, applying Euclidian distance and the criteria of centroid aggregation. The Mann- Whitney test was used to compare the scores of WHOQoL-Bref domains among the clusters, at a significance level of 5%. Results: The segmen- tation analysis resulted in two clusters, with 160 (44.1%) adolescents classified as Low Social Capital (LSC) and 178 (49%) classified as High Social Capital (HSC). Participation in activities for the good of the community (p < 0.001), opi- nion regarding the differences between people in the community (p = 0.002), and number of community meetings (p < 0.001) constituted the decisive variables for determining the sepa- ration of the clusters. When quality of life among the newly formed clusters was compared, the highest average score in the HSC cluster was found in the Psychological Domain (75.4 ± 11.9), whereas in the LSC cluster, the highest average score was found in the Physical Domain (74.6 ± 12.6). Lower quality of life scores was found in the environmental domain for both the LSC clu- sters (51.3 ± 14.0) and the HSC clusters (54.7 ± 15.5). This difference proved to be statistically significant (p = 0.009). Conclusions: The results showed that adolescents with higher social ca- pital also presented higher scores concerning quality of life. For the studied population, a po- sitive relation between the two concepts was ve- rified.
Palavras-chave: Social capital
Quality of life
País: Estados unidos
Unidade acadêmica: Faculdade de Odontologia - FO (RG)
Citação: CAMPOS, Ana Cristina Viana; BORGES, Carolina Marques; LELES, Cláudio Rodrigues; LUCAS, Simone Dutra; FERREIRA, Efigênia F. Social capital and quality of life in adolescent apprentices in Brazil: an exploratory study. Health, Irvine, v. 5, n. 6, p. 973-980, 2013.
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.4236/health.2013.56128
Identificador do documento: 10.4236/health.2013.56128
Data de publicação: 2013
Aparece nas coleções:FM - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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