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Tipo do documento: Artigo
Título: Evaluation of toxoplasmosis risk factors and seroprevalence rates in the elderly
Autor: Lima, Marina Saint Clair Mattioda de
Oliveira, Beatriz Campos
Barbosa, Naiane Moreira
Silveira, Murilo Barros
Guerra, Heloísa Silva
Rezende, Hânstter Hállison Alves
Castro, Ana Maria de
Avelar, Juliana Boaventura
Abstract: Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by the protozoan Toxoplasma gondii, whose definitive hosts are cats and whose intermediate hosts include humans. This research aims to evaluate aspects related to seroprevalence rates of anti-T. gondii antibodies among elderly users of the Primary Health Care Service in the municipality of Aparecida de Goiânia, State of Goiás, Brazil. A total of 101 elderly people participated in the study, and a questionnaire was applied to examine sociodemographic factors related to risk factors for toxoplasmosis. Five mL of peripheral blood were collected from all the participants for serological tests. IgM and IgG antibody screening was performed using ELISA. The average age of the participants was 69.5 years, the seroprevalence rate was 75.2% (76/101) of reactive IgG, and 24.8% (25/101) were non-reactive. IgM and IgG antibodies were found in 2.9% (3/101) of the participants. An IgG avidity test was performed, which revealed that the antibodies in the three samples were of low avidity, thus indicating that these individuals were in the acute phase of the infection. It was suggested that, in terms of socioeconomic conditions, an income of one to three monthly minimum salaries is the predominant risk factor for toxoplasmosis in this group.
Palavras-chave: Primary health care
País: Brasil
Instituição: Ruy de Souza Lino Junior
Sigla da instituição: UFG
Unidade acadêmica: Instituto de Patologia Tropical (IPTSP) - RG
Citação: LIMA, Marina Saint Clair Mattioda de; OLIVEIRA, Beatriz Campos; BARBOSA, Naiane Moreira; SILVEIRA, Murilo Barros; GUERRA, Heloísa Silva; REZENDE, Hânstter Hállison Alves; CASTRO, Ana Maria de; AVELAR, Juliana Boaventura. Evaluation of toxoplasmosis risk factors and seroprevalence rates in the elderly. Revista de Patologia Tropical, Goiânia, v. 47, n. 4, p. 207-216, out./dez. 2018. Disponível em:
Tipo de acesso: Acesso Aberto
Identificador do documento: 10.5216/rpt.v47i4.55976
Identificador do documento: 10.5216/rpt.v47i4.55976
Data de publicação: Dez-2018
Aparece nas coleções:IPTSP - Artigos publicados em periódicos

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