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Entre fluxos e escalas: COVID-19 e suas implicações na rede de transporte aéreo no primeiro semestre de 2020
(2020) Oliveira, Bruno Carneiro de; Castilho, Denis
The health crisis caused by Covid-19 has shown that the new coronavirus affects not only the most distant pathways of the human lung but also the flows of the globalized economy. In this paper, we analyze the consequences of the new coronavirus on the air transportation network in the 1st semester of 2020 in a multiscale approach. The methodological procedures were based on the gathering of air transportation flow data and information related to Covid-19 cases in selected locations. The main databases were the National Civil Aviation Agency (ANAC), the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO), the World Health Organization (WHO), and reports from highway and airport concessionaires. The analysis leads to reflect on the dependence of corporations, especially large airlines, on the actions of the State and reveals a system of exploitation (and looting) even more aggressive and articulated in times of crisis such as that caused and/or aggravated by COVID -19.
Corporação multilocalizada e diversificação funcional: a trajetória espaço-temporal da Algar Agro
(2020) Oliveira, Fernando Fernandes de; Castilho, Denis
Subsidiaries of a wide bundle of human interactions, the multilocalized corporations play an evident role regarding the spatial structure in the capitalism. However, the expansion of the spatial horizons of these organizations can’t prescind from tightly tied technical, tactical and political-institutional judgments. The present study analyzes the space-time evolution of an agroindustry located in Uberlândia, Algar Agro, which made part of the agrifood arm of the multifaceted Algar Group. The methodological procedures were based on bibliographic and documental researches, collecting secondary data and mappings. Aiming, therefore, to clarify the spatial practices caused by the corporation in the presence of a higher conjunctures, which sustained the incentives of the Brazilian State for Cerrado occupation by private agribusiness enterprises, which intensified the corporative use of the territory and a distinct access to fluidity.
Redes organizacionais, sinergias locais e interações espaciais: o projeto Granja Marileusa e a atuação do Grupo Algar em Uberlândia (MG)
(2020-12) Oliveira, Fernando Fernandes de; Castilho, Denis
Regarding the technical-scientific restructuring, the networking is based on the premises of local synergy, flexibility, cooperation and spatial interactions. This text discusses the action strategies of the Algar Group, a company located in Uberlândia (Minas Gerais State, Brazil), in the arrangement of organization networking correlated to their main activities. Therefore, it analyses the command of open innovation programs and the efforts to promote, in the city mentioned, useful qualifications and synergies to its own functioning. About this last point, the strategy is tied to real estate development practices which, from the refunctionalization of a periurban land belonging to the group itself, gave origin to the real estate project named Granja Marileusa. This project revels an important strategy which potentializes the interactions, it feeds the proximity effects, the connection and innovation ones. Due to the cooling of the industrial production and/or the assets selling linked to the primary market, it shows specially a practice which aims the appreciation of the land capital raised in the auspices of the real estate market.
Corporação, redes técnicas e poder: a trajetória têmporo-espacial da Algar Telecom
(2020) Oliveira, Fernando Fernandes de; Castilho, Denis
Corporate groups, nourished by a territorial base, are networked and maintain a patent political-economic synergy with the state. Technical networks, in this sense, appear as indispensable elements to the multidivisional configuration of modern corporations, with a view to equalising the expanding pattern of accumulation within its multiloculated nature. Based on these considerations, this paper analyses the trajectory and spatial practices of Algar Telecom (formerly CTBC), the subsidiary of the Algar Group, the corporation with a strong track record in Triangulo Mineiro (a region located in the West of the Brazilian state of Minas Gerais). The methodological procedures were based on analysis of IBGE statistical yearbooks, Telebrás reports, historical publications, Algar Group reports and mapping. The study shows that the technical networks are inseparable instruments for the spatial organisation of a multilateral corporation such as Algar Telecom, either in the intra-company context, in the immediate external, or in the actions that can be felt in the distance.
Entre o ódio e a liberdade: lições de Kropotkin
(2020) Castilho, Denis
The historical construction of hate, especially in modern societies, has a strong relationship with the strategies of domination and diffusion of several nationalisms. These, in its turn, have been constituted as an important means of social manipulation and of sustaining the political, economic and cultural interests of the modern States. In view of this, it is necessary to verify the extent to which the cult of hate fed by nationalism reaches social relations and put injures against migrants, refugees, places and cultures, as well as to investigate what are the major sources of oppression, how they are plotted and to where they conduct us. It is also necessary to verify whether it is possible to build practices that help to dismantle control and manipulation strategies. This text analyzes these issues in the light of the thought of Pietr Kropotkin, an important Russian geographer, and anarcho-communist, who warned a lot about the risks of nationalism and saw, in free enterprise and solidarity, important means to overcome relationships based on the insignia of hate and authoritarianism. His teachings, although written in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, are very contemporary and necessary. They show that freedom is a political exercise of protagonism, responsibility, and otherness - a practice that underlies action and helps to disarm the plots of tyranny. Being free, therefore, also means acting and recognizing in the other's freedom and in the free agreement the composition of strength, resistance, and becoming.