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dc.creatorAvelino, Mariza Martins-
dc.creatorCampos Júnior, Dioclécio-
dc.creatorParada, Josetti do Carmo Barbosa de-
dc.creatorCastro, Ana Maria de-
dc.identifier.citationAVELINO, Mariza Martins; CAMPOS JÚNIOR, Dioclécio; PARADA, Josetti Barbosa de; CASTRO, Ana Maria de. Risk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in women of childbearing age. Brazilian Journal of Infectious Diseases, Salvador, v. 8, n. 2, p. 164-174, Apr. 2004.pt_BR
dc.identifier.issne- 1678-4391-
dc.description.abstractDetermine the risk factors involved in toxoplasmosis transmission and determine whether pregnancy is a risk factor for toxoplasmosis infection. Study design: Cross-sectional study carried out on 2,242 women at childbearing age. An indirect immunofluorescence reaction was used to identify immunity to Toxoplasma gondii. Previous gestations were also analyzed as a possible risk factor. The results were analyzed by χ 2 and OR tests, and by variance analysis. The sample was statistically balanced according to social-economic risk factors. Results: Previously pregnant women were 1.74 times more frequently infected with toxoplasmosis, regardless of environmental conditions. Pregnant women living under unfavorable environmental conditions had an approximately two times increased risk of being infected for each risk factor (contact with host animals, presence of vehicles of oocyst transmission). Previous pregnancy was the risk factor that had the strongest influence on acquiring toxoplasmosis (variance analysis and statistical balancing). Discussion: The prevalence of this zoonosis is high in Goiânia-GO, Brazil (65.8%). Inadequate environmental sanitation was not significantly correlated with toxoplasmosis infection, except when associated with previous pregnancy, showing that the fundamental cause for infection is not environmental. Conclusion: The finding that pregnancy makes women more vulnerable to this protozoan, makes it important to implement prophylactic control of at-risk pregnant women.pt_BR
dc.rightsAcesso Abertopt_BR
dc.subjectToxoplasmosis in pregnancypt_BR
dc.subjectContaminant elementspt_BR
dc.subjectRisk factorpt_BR
dc.subjectMeans of transmissionpt_BR
dc.subjectHost animalspt_BR
dc.titleRisk factors for Toxoplasma gondii infection in women of childbearing agept_BR
dc.publisher.departmentInstituto de Patologia Tropical e Saúde Pública - IPTSP (RG)pt_BR
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