Perfil de sonolência, glicêmico e alimentar de adolescentes portadores de diabetes mellitus tipo 1

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Introduction: Type 1 diabetes mellitus is an autoimmune disease characterized by deficiency of insulin production by pancreatic beta cells. Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile diabetes, as the prevalence of diabetes is increasing in children and young adults. In addition to nutritional therapy and drug therapy, some studies have shown that sleep time and quality may influence glucose metabolism, with insulin resistance in patients with a shorter sleep time. Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the drowsiness pattern and the glycemic and eating pattern of adolescents with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Methodology: This is an observational cross-sectional, non-interventional study. Data were collected from 19 participants between 10 and 18 years. The patients were evaluated through an examination of glycated hemoglobin, 24-hour food recall, Epworth sleepiness questionnaire, anthropometric evaluation and physical activity. Results: Of the 19 adolescents participating in the study, 89.47% had excessive sleepiness and 94.73% presented inadequate glycemic control. When evaluating the eating pattern of adolescents, it was possible to observe high consumption of ultraprocessed foods, caloric inadequacy and low micronutrient consumption. Conclusion: In the present study, it was possible to observe that the majority of the adolescents participating in the study had an excessive sleepiness pattern and altered glycemic profile, as well as presenting a food pattern with the presence of processed foods and simple carbohydrates, which interfere directly with management of complications arising from decompensated DM1.



Diabetes mellitus tipo 1, Sono, Adolescentes, Controle glicêmico, Hemoglobina glicada, Diabetes mellitus type 1, Sleep, Adolescents, Glycated hemoglobin, Glycemic control


ANDRADE, Tatiane dos Santos. Perfil de sonolência, glicêmico e alimentar de adolescentes portadores de diabetes mellitus tipo 1. 2019. 42 f. Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (Graduação) – Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2019.