Receptor Mas contribui para o desenvolvimento do remodelamento cardíaco

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Previous studies have demonstrated a protective effect of the Ang-(1-7)/Mas receptor axis on pathological cardiac hypertrophy. Also, the involvement of Mas receptor in the exercise-induced cardiac hypertrophy has been suggested. However, the role of the Ang-(1-7)/Mas receptor on pregnancy-induced cardiac remodeling remains unknown. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the participation of the Mas receptor in the development of pregnancy and hypertrophy, fibrosis and cardiac function during pregnancy. Female Wistar rats were randomly shared in 3 groups: control (W-NP), pregnant (W-P), and pregnant treated with A-779 (W-P + A-779). Wild type and Masknockout mice were distributed in non-pregnant (WT and KO) and pregnant (WT-P and KO-P) groups. Gestational parameters such as, maternal weight, placental weight, fetus weight, fetus/placenta ratio, fertility, Loss pre embryonic, Loss pos embryonic were evaluated. Systolic blood pressure (SBP) was measured by tail-cuff plethysmography. The medial part of the left ventricle (LV) was collected for cardiomyocytes morphometry analysis and extracellular matrix proteins deposition. Echocardiographic analysis was used to evaluate the cardiac function. Mas receptor blockade or genetic deletion of Mas did not alter the fertility or embryonic and fetal development. However, the Mas receptor antagonist decreased placental weight and increased fetus placenta ratio in rats. The pregnant KO mice presented a decreased maternal and fetal weight and increased fetus/placenta ratio. SBP was not changed by pregnancy or A-779 treatment in the Wistar rats. Pharmacological blockade or genetic deletion of Mas receptor attenuates the pregnancy-induced myocyte hypertrophy. The A-779 treatment or genetic deletion of the Mas receptor increased the collagen III deposition in LV from pregnant animals. KO mice presented a lower ejection fraction, fraction shortening, stroke volume and higher end systolic volume compared to WT. Interestingly, the pregnancy restored these parameters. In conclusion, these data show that Mas receptor can alter gestational and maternal parameters, and this is involved in the cardiomyocyte hypertrophy and in the control of the collagen III deposition in pregnancy condition. These alterations are associated with improvement of the cardiac function through Mas-independent mechanism.



SILVA, C.C. Receptor Mas contribui para o desenvolvimento do remodelamento cardíaco. 2016. 57 f. Dissertação (Meestrado em Biologia) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2016.