Concepção de infância e criança em Goiânia sob o olhar da assistência social

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This work, linked to the Teachers Training and Professionalization Research Line, of the School of Education (Post-Graduation Department), of the Federal University of Goiás, is also integrated into the Research Project "Public Policies and Education of Children in India: History, concepts and practical projects "developed by the Group for Study and Research for Children and their Education in Different Contexts (GEPIED). Our aim, based on an socio-historical dialectics approach, discuss the concepts of Childhood and Child, from the perspective of social assistance from its managing agency in Goiania, the Municipal Foundation for Community Development - FUMDEC from its facility in May, 1974 to 1997, when their actions aimed at children from zero to six years under LDBEN 1996 was transferred to the City Department of Education. We analyzed six programs and their projects in the period of 1987 to 1997. When basing the reflections in the f races of historical and social Brazil and Goiás reality, we got to childhood and child, and their presence in the Brazilian education as resulting of a socio-historical construction. We sought to reveal and analyze their meanings in Western society and yet how it was the formation of different senses of child / s: form helpless under ages and vulnerable to social child exclusion, as an individual bearer of rights. For this interpretation we resorted to policies for early childhood education in Brazil, and their contact with the Social Assistance and Educational School. Finally, we discuss the diversity of a more terminological than conceptual idea, Childhood and Children in Goiania under the assistance view we were able to demonstrate the great difficulty imposed on poor under ages to be, in fact, recognized as citizens children, people of rights and respect. The research also revealed that even with the advent of legal formulations of structural character as the Constitution of 1988, ECA, and LOAS LDBEN, which advocated a new conception of Childhood and Child, programs and projects analyzed incorporate only the formality of these new conceptions maintaining the essential concepts expressed in their justifications, aims and goals, remnants of a paternalistic tradition, which denotes the need for educational training of new habitus able to internalize culturally not only new conceptual classifications, but above all, the unfolding senses they desire.



ALMEIDA, Renato Barros de. Conceptions of Childhood and Children in Goiâniaunder the gaze of Social Services. 2010. 143 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Humanas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2010.