Atenção ao câncer do colo de útero e de mama no estado de Goiás

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Introduction: Cervix and breast cancers are a public health problem that affects women around the world. In Brazil, Primary Care plays a fundamental role in controlling these cancers because it acts in several scopes, from promotion and prevention to the follow-up of treated women. This study aimed to analyze the actions and Primary Care services (PC) in cervical and breast cancers prevention in the state of Goiás. Methodology: This is a descriptive cross-sectional study, which selected information were from the national base of the database of external evaluation of the Improvement Access and Quality of Primary Care Program (IAQP-PC) in Goiás held from July to September 2012. The sample of this study is 1.216 basic Health Units (BHU) of 246 municipalities in the state of Goiás, which joined the IAQP-PC and responded to module I, by 677 professionals who answered the module II interviews and 1,936 users who were at the BHU and responded to the module III. Results: It was found that most units (98.1%) perform the collection of cervical cancer screening, but not all permanently have the necessary supplies and materials for the exam. The amount of mammography devices is sufficient to meet women, but they are not well distributed by health districts. PC users think the distance from the health units to their houses is reasonable or near, opening hours meet their needs, consultations are booked according to arrival order (91.4%) and when they are with some gynecological problem, 17.4% cannot be meet on time. Some women (13.5%) never performed the screening test, among these 44.6% were mean aged according to Ministry of Health. Only 8.5% received an indication of colposcopy after some abnormal test result and 78.1% have never been sent for a gynecological consultation. Conclusions: This study showed that not only Primary Care in Goiás is not well managed enough to be the originator center of the Health Care Networks as well as that there is some weakness regarding the line of cancer care, making it difficult to access to services and comprehensive care to women. Keywords: Breast Neoplasms; Neoplasms of the cervix; Health Services for Women



SILVA, W. B. Atenção ao câncer do colo de útero e de mama no estado de Goiás. 2015. 124 f. Dissertação (Mestrado Profissional em Saúde Coletiva) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2015.