A adequação do currículo para alunos surdos em escolas comuns de Goiás: entre o prescrito e o realizado
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
In this paper, we assessed curricular adaptation for students with hearing impairment in common schools in the state of Goiás. Since the 1988 Federal Constitution, in Brazil began a movement of school democratization, which gained more expressivity with the introduction of especial education. The inclusion of impaired children in common school has provoked debates, both regarding advocates and opponents to this educational modality in regular schools. Several issues arose, such as: How to teach such students? Must the curriculum, the axis of the educational process, be the same for everyone? In the study, we made a documental analysis, based on publications of the Ministry of Education, having as theoretical reference Vigotski (1983) and his studies concerning the learning process of children with impairment. We also carried out a historical analysis of the education of children with hearing impairment in accordance with Goldfeld (2002). We understand that diversity is a reality that school longs for simplify each day. Thus, in order to analyze inclusive school, we looked for writers addressing this theme in literature, such as: Mantoan (2009); Raws (1981); Moreira, (2010); Dubet (2008); Esteve (2004). In a globalized world, it is undeniable the power of whatever is decided by international organizations, namely, the World Bank, UNESCO, UN, for the elaboration of educational public policies directing school actions. Globalization, with its implications in the educational process, is addressed here based on Sacristán (2007), besides the aforementioned authors. Other issues involving this topic were assessed in this paper, such as: teacher’s education, the prescribed curriculum, bilingual education, as well as concepts inherent to plurality constituting society, like difference and equal opportunities. Aiming at investigating how school articulates curriculum in the education of students with hearing impairment in Goiás, we considered necessary to research curriculum in Brazil from its very beginning and development to the understanding of diversity at the present. In this study, we based on Moreira (1990, 2010) and Sacristán’s assumptions (1998). In order to complement documental analysis, we investigated two inclusive schools in Goiânia. We verified whether what is expressed in the Pedagogical Political Project is contemplated in the teachers’ planning, according to governmental guidelines and theoretical foundations of inclusive education. We found out that since the beginning of inclusive education to the present days, curricular proposals have drastically been changed for students with hearing impairment and that the obstacles faced by the common educational systems also affect students with impairment. What is determined by the legislation is not always what happens in fact in common inclusive schools. Educational practice occurs under school material conditions and human resources, which concerning inclusive education, has gaps that hinder the quality of education. We verified that, the prescribed curriculum is often substituted by the hidden curriculum discussed in this paper.
PEREIRA, Glaucia Resende Marra. A adequação do currículo para alunos surdos em escolas comuns de Goiás: entre o prescrito e o realizado. 2014. 165 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2014.