Análise da relação entre a divulgação de gestão de riscos corporativos e o gerenciamento de resultados em empresas brasileiras

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The risk management disclosure is a way for companies to disclose to the stock market the risks to which they are exposed and how they manage these risks to bring better decision-making capacity to both their managers and their stakeholders. The objective of this study is to analyze the relationship between risk management disclosure and earnings management in Brazilian companies. The risk management disclosure can indicate better quality of financial reports and companies with better quality of financial reports, in turn, can have a negative influence on their accruals-based management and a positive influence on real earnings management. In addition, it can impact the trade-off between these earnings management. The sample consists of 182 companies listed on B3 between 2012 and 2020. To analyze earnings management, the Pae (2005) model was used to calculate accruals-based management and the Roychowdhury (2006) model for the calculation of real earnings management. To calculate risk management disclosure, two indices were measured, one called rigorous and the other, tolerant, applying a checklist in the companies' Reference Form as required by CVM Instruction no. 480/2009 as amended by CVM Instruction n. 586/2017. The trade-off between manipulation by accruals and by real activities was also used to identify whether the risk management disclosure impacts the exchange of these two types of earnings management. As control variables, the study adopted profitability, size, growth and sector. Through the GLS regression, the results allow us to say that the high risk management disclosure, both in its rigorous and tolerant criteria, decreases the use of accruals-based management. On the other hand, the high risk management disclosure doesn’t increase the use of real earnings management. The results also showed that, through the risk management disclosure, the two types of earnings management used for the analysis of the study can be treated as complementary. These results mainly contribute to the decision-making of stakeholders regarding investments in companies and expand the national studies that until now were concentrated on only one of the tools that is part of the risk management disclosure, the internal control.



DUARTE, J. S. S. Análise da relação entre a divulgação de gestão de riscos corporativos e o gerenciamento de resultados em empresas brasileiras. 2022. 92 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Contábeis) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2022.