Memória, ancestralidade e práticas corporais na congada da Vila João Vaz

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


This study presents reflections on the processes of evoking memories among the congadeiros of the Festa da João Vaz (Goiânia-GO). We seek to understand the processes of evoking African and Afro-Brazilian memories of Bantu matrices, mainly, but also Sudanese, in view of the protagonism of the bodily practices of its participants. Among the objectives, we highlight the interest in analyzing the intercultural processes that occur at the festival, from different Bantu, Sudanese and popular Catholic traditions; identify the references of religiosities experienced by the congadeiros and their correlations with the event in focus; investigate how bodily practices participate in memory recall processes; and finally, perceive and register the senses and meanings of the experiences of the congadeiros with dancing, singing and drumming. An ethnographic study was carried out in the context of the preparation and realization of the Festa da João Vaz. The analyzes were also based on the studies of Cultural Performances, considering the integrality of the performances of the congadeiros, as well as the perception and analysis of their experiences with the phenomenon in question. Aspects of the corporeality of the congadeiros revealed memories whose plots constituted in gestures, in the familiarity with the places and in the use of objects and artifacts as insignia of power during the celebrations. The diversity of dances, songs, colors of uniforms, types of musical instruments and their ways of performing them demonstrate dynamics of identity (re)signification that occur between the participants and their guardas in Congada. Memory, its meanings and the ways in which it is evoked nurture the link between congadeiros and their notions of African and Afro-Brazilian ancestry. Through the link with ancestry, they experience their own relationship with the sacred in a black bodily mnemonic that goes beyond the most current conceptions of Catholicism, Umbanda and Candomblé. In the encounter and interdependence of these phenomena, the memories incorporated in the congadeiros reveal cosmovisions and symbols in the composition of black culture in Brazil.



CARVALHO, C. S. Memória, ancestralidade e práticas corporais na congada da Vila João Vaz. 2021. 296 f. Tese (Doutorado em Performances Culturais) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2021.