Satisfação no trabalho de docentes de uma instituição pública de ensino superior : reflexos na qualidade de vida

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Job satisfaction has been identified as a component of life satisfaction and it is an emotional state resulting from the professional interaction, personal characteristics, values and expectations about the environment and organization of work and can influence quality of life. The objective was to analyze job satisfaction and quality of life reflections of public university professors of the health area. A transversal, descriptive and exploratory study was conducted with public university professors of the health area in the city of Goiânia, Goiás - Brazil. Data collection was performed using the Medical Outcomes Study Questionnaire 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) and the Job Satisfaction Questionnaire (S20/23). To analyze the data were used the simple descriptive analysis, the Pearson Chi-square test and Pearson Correlation Coefficient. It was interviewed 108 professors, mostly women (68.5%), married (69.4%), with children (70.4%) and average age of 44.24 ± 9.3 years. The global satisfaction mean was 3.62 (five-point scale), and the average factor "Hierarchical Relation Satisfaction", "Work Environment Satisfaction and "Work Intrinsic Satisfaction and professional growth opportunities" were 3.66, 3.30, and 3.99, respectively. Among the items, stood out "work environment and physical space" with the lowest degree of satisfaction, and "work as contributing factor" to the greatest degree. The partial satisfaction / indifference to the work indicated by the professors indicate the need for an awakening of the institution and the need to conduct further research directed towards the subject. Selecting the entire faculty from two academic units, n = 66, most women (95.5%), married (66.7%), with children (63.6%), average age 43.64 ± 9.58 years, the global satisfaction mean was 3.64 and the factors average ranged between 3.45 and 3.93. In evaluation of the quality of life on this group, the scores of each domain ranged from 51.53 (Vitality) to 83.00 (Physical Functioning). The lowest score was mainly due to the overload of activities and fatigue reported by professors, especially those with a higher degree. The greater satisfaction was reported by the professors in the S20/23 item work as a contributing factor" and the biggest complaint was the "environment and physical space of work" item. The S20/23 factor "Work Intrinsic Satisfaction and professional growth opportunities" showed positive correlation with the domains " Role Limitations because of Physical Health Problems", " Social Functioning" and " Role Limitations because of Emotional Problems" of SF-36. We conclude that professors in these two units value their work as a contributing factor, because they are allowed to do things that they want and stand out. The dissatisfaction reinforces the need to search at the institution to identify what can be done to minimize this dissatisfaction. The equal distribution of activities may be an alternative to optimize the work of the group studied. The job satisfaction reflected in quality of life which, in turn, has an impact on job satisfaction again, consisting in a joint responsibility of managers and teachers.



FERREIRA, Ana Cássia Mendes. Job satisfaction of a public university professors: reflections in the quality of life. 2011. 131 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Cuidado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2011.