Uso da bolsa canguru em bebês a termo saudáveis: a relação com a amamentação e a percepção materna

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Early skin-to-skin contact up to one hour after birth for every unborn child is associated with early initiation of breastfeeding, success at first feeding, cardiorespiratory stability, and blood glucose. However, this contact is usually not maintained in rooming-in care or at home, in term infants. We believe that the proximity between mother and baby through the use of kangaroo bag may also benefit healthy term infants. The objective of this study was to identify the benefits to breastfeeding of prolonged maternal contact in a healthy term baby, through the use of the kangaroo bag in rooming-in care and at home, and the maternal perception of this experience. This study was carried out in two stages. Stage 1, with a quantitative approach, of transversal descriptive type and stage 2 had a qualitative approach, based on the methodological framework of appreciative investigation. The sample initially consisted of 98 mothers who accepted to use the kangaroo bag and answered a phone call between the first and second month of the baby's life (29-81 days) to verify the frequency of use of the kangaroo bag, to apply the Breastfeeding Self-Efficacy Scale/Short Form (BSES-SF) and to obtain breastfeeding data. We performed quantitative analysis by means of absolute frequency, mean and standard deviation; and tests of association between variables. Qualitative data were obtained through a home visit to 23 mothers, with three guiding questions and were analyzed according to content analysis, thematic modality, and anchored in the principles of appreciative investigation. All mothers used the kangaroo bag at rooming-in care, however, at home 39.8% used three or more times per week. The BSES-SF score of all mothers was classified as high. 70.4% of the infants remained in exclusive breastfeeding (EBF). We identified the association between EBF and the use of the kangaroo bag at home, using at least one time after discharge (pvalue = 0.014). The mothers reported that the kangaroo position promoted improvement in mother-infant contact; a greater autonomy and maternal independence; the baby stays calmer and safer; a reduction of colic; improvement of sleep; approximation of the baby to family members; besides the need to disseminate the knowledge and adaptation of the mothers regarding the use of the kangaroo bag. The results suggest benefits of the kangaroo bag for breastfeeding for healthy term infants in the sample studied. Thus, the use of the kangaroo bag is a new form of maternal, contributing to the development of the baby and improving the maternal and family relationship.



SOUZA, R. R. G. Uso da bolsa canguru em bebês a termo saudáveis: a relação com a amamentação e a percepção materna. 2017. 128 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.