“1, 2, feijão com arroz...”: o conhecimento matemático na educação infantil

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The present research, entitled "1, 2, beans and rice ...": the mathematical knowledge in Infantile Education, is linked to the research line "Training, Teaching Professionalization and Educational Work", of the Graduate Program in Education, Faculty of Education of the Federal University of Goiás (FE/UFG). It also includes the project "Public Policies and Education of Children in Goiás: history, conceptions, projects and practices", developed by the Center for Studies and Research of Childhood and its Education in Different Contexts (Nepiec) of FE/UFG. It was understood that mathematics is a human and cultural production present in the life of children since its birth and also in the institutions of Infantile Education, which are configured as a privileged locus of human formation, enabling the insertion of children in culture through scientific instruments and knowledge. Based on these premises, the way mathematical knowledge is present in Infantile Education was investigated, in order to understand the conceptions around this knowledge, and the situations in which it is approached in the institutions. Based on historical-dialectical materialism, a theoretical and empirical research was carried out involving teachers, educational agents and children of the municipal education network of Senador Canedo/GO. For the empirical realization of the research, different methodological procedures were used, such as: questionnaires, observations, dialogues, records in photographic field journals and with recorders. It was observed that mathematics is present in the institutions of Infantile Education in various situations, passing through pedagogical practice, through the actions and interactions of children and teachers. However, it was considered that these situations did not involve children in significant moments of mathematical learning, limiting them to everyday experiences and actions with mathematics. It was understood that situations with mathematical knowledge in Infantile need to enable children to understand the relationships, uses and social functions of this knowledge, expanding and systematizing it. In this sense, mathematical knowledge, in the pedagogical practice of the first stage of Basic Education, must go beyond everyday experiences and contacts, considering that, limited to this, it can lead the child to the instrumental and utilitarian knowledge of mathematics. Thus, it is fundamental to involve children in situations that lead them to reflect theoretically on mathematics, so that they can form concepts.



GOMES, J. D. S. “1, 2, feijão com arroz...”: o conhecimento matemático na educação infantil. 2017. 177 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.