Purificação parcial das quitinases, Pbcts1 e Pbcts2, do fungo Paracoccidiodes brasiliensis

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Paracoccidoides brasiliensis is a human pathogenic dimorphic fungus. The recombinant chitinase from P. brasiliensis, Pbcts1r, was overexpressed in Escherichia coli using pET-32a (+) as vector. The enzyme was produced as inclusion bodies and became soluble by Sarkosyl being purified by a single step using a Ni-NTA resin. Pbcts1r showed activity against 4-MU-(GlcNAc)3 and 4-MU-(GlcNAc)2, presenting a endochitinase activity. Immunoblot reaction with anti-Pbcts1r identified two proteins in yeast crude extract. A partial purification of P. brasiliensis yeast crude extract by cationic-exchange chromatography on HPLC revealed two different chitinases, Pbcts1 and Pbcts2, with molecular mass of 45 kDa and 34 kDa, respectively. Pbcts2 has exochitinase activity and Pbcts1 has endochitinase activities. Reactions with anti- Pbcts1r showed the presence of Pbcts1 and Pbcts2 in crude extracts of yeast and transition from mycelium to yeast. On mycelium crude extracts was found only Pbcts1 and on yeast cell wall extract only Pbcts2. Both proteins were found to be secreted by yeast parasitic phase showing their probable importance in the permanence of the fungus in the human host. Phylogenetic relationships between the orthologs Pbcts1 and the putative Pbcts2 indicated the presence of a common ancestral. During evolution, P. brasiliensis could have acquired Pbcts2 and Pbcts1 playing distinct roles in order to growth and survive in diverse environment on saprophytic and parasitic phases



SANTANA, Lidiane Aparecida da Penha. Partial purification of chitinases, and Pbcts1 Pbcts2, fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. 2008. 81 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Biolóicas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2008.