Influência da Angiotensina-(1-7) na sensibilidade colinérgica cardíaca de ratos normotensos e hipertensos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Previous studies suggested that the Angiotensin-(1-7) [(Ang-(1-7)] is able to modulate the cardiac sympathetic control and beta-adrenergic sensitivity. However, whether or not Ang-(1- 7) modulates the cholinergic activity in the heart remains unknown. The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of Ang-(1-7) upon cholinergic sensitivity of hearts from normotensive and hypertensive rats. Wistar and Spontaneously Hypertensive Rats (SHR) were anesthetized with urethane and underwent catheterization of femoral artery and left ventricle to record the arterial and intraventricular pressure, respectively. Following, a dose-response curve of acetylcholine (ACh, 10, 20, 40 and 80 ng/Kg, i.v. into femoral vein) was performed in the absence or presence of Ang-(1-7) (7 x 10-12 mol/min), Mas receptor antagonist A-779 (7 x 10-11 mol/min) or Ang-(1-7)+A-779. Isolated hearts were perfused according to the Langendorff technique. Increasing concentrations of ACh (10-7 to 10-5 mol/L) were added to the hearts in absence or presence of Ang-(1-7), (2 x 10-11 mol/L), A-779, (2 x 10-10 mol/L), Ang-(1-7)+A-779, MrgD receptor antagonist, D-PRO (2 x 10-10 mol/L) or D-PRO+Ang-(1-7). ACh-induced vasorelaxation was assessed in absence or presence of Ang-(1-7) (2 x 10-11 mol/L or 2 x 10-10 mol/L). Ang-(1-7) attenuated the effect of ACh in decreasing the intraventricular systolic, dP/dt max and dP/dt min in anesthetized Wistar and SHR. These effects were blocked by A-779. Ang-(1-7) did not change the amplitude of the hypotensive effect evoked by ACh in Wistar or SHRs. In isolated hearts, Ang-(1-7) also attenuated the reduction of the intraventricular systolic pressure, dP/dt max and dP/dt min evoked by ACh. A-779 blocked the Ang-(1-7) effects in hearts from Wistar. A-779 or D-PRO did not modify the effects of Ang-(1-7) in hearts from SHR, but in presence of D-PRO, Ang-(1-7) effects were equipotent. Ang-(1-7) attenuated the vasorelaxation induced by ACh in aorta from SHR by only in SHR group. These data suggest that Ang-(1-7) exerts differential modulation of cardiac cholinergic sensitivity during experimental primary hypertension, which is independent on blood pressure.



PONTES, C. N. R. Influência da Angiotensina-(1-7) na sensibilidade colinérgica cardíaca de ratos normotensos e hipertensos. 2018. 62 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Biológicas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2018.