Caracterização Molecular e Expressão Heteróloga de um cDNA Codificante para Tiorredoxina do fungo patogênico humano Paracoccidioides brasiliensis

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


The temperature-dependent dimorphic fungus Paracoccidioides brasiliensis is the etiological agent of Paracoccidioidomycosis (PCM), a human systemic mycosis highly prevalent in countries of Latin America. P. brasiliensis is subjected to different insults from human host, such as oxidative stress caused by reactive oxygen species produced by the host during the infection. Thioredoxin (TRX) is an intracellular redox protein that is required to maintain redox homeostasis in response to both reductive and oxidative stress conditions in several organisms. We report here the characterization of a 811 bp cDNA Pbtrx1, encoding a PbTRX1 of 116 amino acids, with a predicted molecular mass of 12 kDa and pI 5.2. This putative protein presented one highly conserved active site motif (WCGPC) between TRXs from several organisms. The phylogenetic analysis performed with PbTRX1 and TRXs from other organisms, putted P. brasiliensis in the fungi clade. We also performed the prediction of the secondary structure of PbTRX1 that shows a pattern characteristic of the open twisted alpha/beta, similar to TRX secondary structures described in other fungus. In order to obtain the recombinant PbTRX1, the expression construct pGEX-4T-3-trx1 was introduced into Escherichia coli cells and the expression and purification of the recombinant protein was obtained. The recPbTRX1 and PbTRX1 from yeast cells extract were found to catalyze the reduction of insulin. However the PbTRX1 from yeast cells extract treated with H2O2 showed highly insulin reduction activity than the yeast cells no treated. PbTRX1 was detected by Western blotting in the extracts from yeast cells growth and from mycelium to yeast transition. The yeast cells growth was significantly inhibited by H2O2; however the mycelium to yeast transition was little affected by this oxidant. Semi-quantitative RT-PCR was employed to analysis the expression of Pbtrx1 gene in response to H2O2. The level of Pbtrx1 transcripts was higher in yeast cells treated with H2O2 than in yeast cells no treated. To realize how P. brasiliensis deals with oxidative stress is essential to understand the mechanisms involved in its survival in the host. It may be possible that PbTRX1 enhances survival of P. brasiliensis in the host, protecting the fungus against the reactive oxygen species and allowing, in this way, the progress of the infection.



DOMINGOS, Fernanda de Castro. Cloning expression and insulin reduction activity analysis of a thioredoxin homalogue of human pathologe Paracoccidioides brasiliensis. 2006. 119 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Biolóicas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2006.