Morfologia, Anatomia foliar e Fitoquímica de espécies de Eriope Humb. &Bonpl. ex Benth. (Lamiaceae) ocorrentes em Goiás

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Eriope with about 30 species is a genus of the family Lamiaceae, subfamily Nepetoideae, tribe Ocimae and subtribe Hyptidinae, out of this 20 species are restricted to the campos rupestres of the Brazil. In Goiás, the Chapada dos Veadeiros, Serra de Caldas, Serra dos Cristais, Serra Dourada and Serra dos Pireneus are typical rupestres environments. Beyond these places, in environments of cerrado, in the cities of Colinas do Sul, Goiânia, Mineiros, Planaltina de Goiás, Uruaçu and Vianópolis were located specimens of Eriope. The aim of this work is to supply new morphologic, anatomical and phytochemistry data to contribute with the taxonomy of Eriope. Eight taxa were collected: Eriope complicata Mart. ex Benth., Eriope crassipes Benth., Eriope crassipes Benth. subsp. crassipes var. acutifolia Benth., Eriope crassipes Benth. subsp. crassipes var. macrophylla Benth., Eriope crassipes Benth. subsp. cristalinae Harley, Eriope foetida A. St. Hil. ex Benth., Eriope velutina Epling and one taxon that probaly it s a new species endemic of Cristalina-GO region. The subspecies Eriope crassipes Benth. subsp. cristalinae Harley presented morphologic and anatomical characteristics differential among group, in this way the suggestion is the manutetion specific status Eriope cristalinae (Harley) C. T. Rizzini and in synonim Eriope crassipes Benth. subsp. cristalinae Harley. Identification keys were elaborate using morphologic and anatomical data for the taxa in study. The species presented anthraquinone flavonic and saponin heterosides; triterpenes and fenolic compound. In the essential oils 58 compounds were identificated, α-copaen, Aromadendrene and copaen-4α-ol were identificated in all the taxa. Key words: morpho-anatomical,



SCHLIEWE, Marcos Augusto. Morphology, leaf anatomy and phytochemical of species of Eripe Humb. & Bompl. ex Benth (Lamiacea) collected in Goias. 2008. 17 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Ciências Biolóicas) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2008.