Síntese e avaliação de óxido de ferro suportado em carvão ativado polimérico como catalisador na desidrogenação do etilbenzeno
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
In this work, activated carbon were synthesized through carbonization of a polymer, containing iron oxides with and without copper. The precursor of activated carbon was a styrene?divinylbenzene copolymer (Sty?DVB) synthesized through suspension polymerization, in the presence of inert diluentes to obtain a macroporous structure. The resin was sulfonated with sulfuric acid, in the presence of dichloroethane. For the synthesis of the supported catalysts, on first it was carried out oxide precipitation in the sulfonated resin and later a thermal treatment to obtain the carbonizated structures. The oxides synthesis were accomplished in three stages: the) incorporation of Fe2+ ions with or without Cu2+ in the resin by ion exchange; b) washing to remove the íons that were not adsorbed; c) coprecipitation in alkaline and oxidant solution. The thermal treatment consisted in calcination of polymer/oxide composite at 250 ºC, carbonization at 900 ºC and activation at 900 ºC with steam. The effect of copper concentration and presence of the support were investigated in the reaction of ethylbenzene dehydrogenation with and without steam. For comparison, bulk catalysts were prepared with the same conditions of coprecipitation of Fe2+ or Cu2+ ions for supported catalysts without the use of sulfonated resin. The materials were characterized by chemical analysis, X rays diffraction, termogravimetric analysis and porosity measurements by nitrogen physical adsorption. It was verified that the polymeric matrix affected the oxide type produced in comparison with coprecipitations in solution. The supported catalysts had better catalytic activities than the bulk and comercial ones because their higher porosities and specfic surface areas. Besides, during the reaction, they presented small tendence sinterization and coke formation. The last property is an intrinsic characteristic of the support based on polymeric activated carbon.
BARBOSA, Danns Pereira. Síntese e avaliação de óxido de ferro suportado em carvão ativado polimérico como catalisador na desidrogenação do etilbenzeno. 2007. 46 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Educação em Química) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2007.