Análise proteômica em células leveduriformes do fungo Paracoccidioides sp. em excesso de cobre
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
Paracoccidioidomycosis is the most prevalent systemic mycosis in Latin America, caused by fungi of the genus Paracoccidioides. The fungus grows as mycelium in the saprophytic environment, with the infection caused mycelium propagules and/or conidia, that will differentiate into the yeast form. Copper is an essential micronutrient for eukaryotes and bacteria, is extremely important to various proteins, and cofactor of many enzymes and used in many biochemical processes. However, excessive, copper can cause damage to proteins, lipids and nucleic acids, inferring the importance of this metal homeostasis. The objective of this study was to evaluate the fungus Paracoccidioides sp behavior in the presence of copper excess, through proteomics analysis. In the presence of copper excess, the yeast colonies of Paracoccidioides sp. depicted brown color. Expression of transcripts encoding CTR3, a copper transporter and the copper chaperone ATX1 showed inhibition and induction, respectively in the presence of excess copper, as verified by qRT-PCR. Proteins related to stress responses, with melanin production and pathways for energy, are regulated, suggesting that Paracoccidioides sp. responds to copper excess with detoxification strategies, protection and induction of various pathways of obtaining energy.
PORTIS, I. G. Análise proteômica em células leveduriformes do fungo paracoccidioides sp. em excesso de cobre. 2015. 65 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Genética e Biologia Molecular) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2015.