Intervenções de enfermagem para o padrão respiratório ineficaz em idosos

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Upon the multiple ilnesses that aflict the elderly, respiratory problems stand out as cause of hospital admitance and re-admitance, and consequent worsening of funtional capacity. The nursing interventions directed to the human responses in evidence allow clinical improvement, visibility, and quality of nursing assistance to elderly patients with respiratory problems. The goal was to analyse the nursing interventions performed by the nursing staff to the nursing diagnosis ineffective breathing pattern in elderly patients. It is a descriptive study, developed in the internal medicine section of a scholl hospital in Goiânia, done in three stages, from July to December of 2008. The first stage consisted in the search of activities performed by the nursing staff to the ineffective breathing pattern in the elderly. The second consisted in the crossed mapping between the quoted activities and the interventions and activities priorized by the NIC to the ineffective breathing pattern diagnosis. And the third stage consisted in the new collection of data analyse the priorized NIC activities to ineffective breathing pattern in the elderly. If was adapted the descriptive statistic with distribution of the activities in simple frequence. 43 nursing workers took part in the study, after having read andsigned the form of free consent and understanding. Of the participants, 83,7% were women and 16,3% were men; 23,8% were between 36 and 40 years-old; 46,6% refered having completed high school, 11,6% had college education and 18,6% were in college, but not yet graduated; 18,6% had some complementary study after college and 2,3% had master degree; 60,5% were 1 to 5 years in the institution and 74,4% were 1 to 5 years in the same hospital section. From the 62 activities referred and mapped as NIC s interventions and activities, the ones witch presented a frequency higher than 50% were: Positioning (99,9%), Oxygen Therapy (99,8%) e Medication Administrantion (65,8%). Lower than 50%: Airway Manegement (45,0%), Anxiety Reduction (42,9%), Ventilation Assistance (40,8%), Respiratory Monitoring (36,8%), Vital Signs Monitoring (36,2%), Energy Management (31,6%), Emotional Support (27,2%), Pain Management (24,9%) e Surveillance (20,4%). Lower than 20%: Chest Physiotherapy (13,6%), Neurologic Monitoring (9,09%), Intravenous Therapy (6,8%), Airway Suctioning (6,8%), Intravenous Insertion (4,5%), Smoking Cessation Assistance (2,2%), Medication Management (2,2%), Fluid Monitoring (2,2%), Emergency Care (2,2%), Aspiration Precautions (2,2%) e Tube Care: Chest (2,2%).The drug administration activity present accordance as of the necessity of medical prescription; there was no accordance of the activities that are exclusive of the nurse. The activities concerning positioning, drug, administration, oxygen administration, aerosol administration and vital signs monitoring were referred as being frequently perfomed. The concerning monitoring of values of pulmonary function, fisioterapy and the ones that demanded, a physical exam evaluation were referred as not performed, and the main reason was being performed by another professional . The study made it possible to identify: the need to consider the interdisciplinarity in the interventions, the gaps in the assistance provided by the nursing staff, the abilities and skills required from the nurse to the assistance of the elderly patients that present ineffective breathing pattern , with focus a the prevention of disorders and on the integrality of the assistance,



CAVALCANTE, Agueda Maria Ruiz Zimmer. Nursing Intervention of ineffective breathing pattern in elderly people. 2009. 191 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Cuidado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2009.