Absenteísmo entre trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital público de Goiânia-Goiás

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


Absenteeism is the practice of an employee not being present at work for a period, when the work day has been assigned to him/her. That fact may cause negative effects to health service. There must be shortage of personnel, other workers must be overworked and there will consequently reduce the quality of medical care. We consider as absenteeism both planned and unplanned absences, including unauthorized absence, dental and medical licenses, statement of attendance and work accidents. All of them, considered unexpected absenteeism due to preventable cause, were addressed in this study. Ojective: to investigate the occurrence of unexpected absenteeism due to preventable cause in what concerns nursing staff at public hospitals in Goiânia-GO, from 2005 to 2009. This is a cross-sectional quantitative documentary study. We researched on 549 nursing workers, 86,15% of them have presented at least one episode of absenteeism due to preventable cause. From those, nursing technicians were the great majority. That is also the category with the highest percentage of unexpected absenteeism due to preventable causes (70.19%), while nurses were a small number in that list. We found unexpected absenteeism due to preventable cause was more frequent among workers aged 30 - 39 and 40-49 years old and worked up to seven years at that job. In what concerns workplace, it was more common among workers of Emergency and Surgical Clinic, locations that require large volumes of customer service, diversity and turnover of patients and the high degree of dependence on them. Medical licenses were 82,06% of the reasons for absenteeism due to preventable causes. Among the causes of absenteeism due to illness, there are the diseases of muscular system and connective tissue, followed by mental and behavioral disorder; conditions which influence physical/mental health and the contact in health services and respiratory diseases. Absenteeism rates had increased over the years, and remained, most of the time, above the level recommended by COFEN, demonstrating that the unexpected absenteeism due to preventable causes in the study institution was high. It is noteworthy that rate drop in 2009, which may be the deployment of APH. Through this study we could observe the unexpected absenteeism among workers due to avoidable causes depends on factors intrinsic to the individual: his/her health condition, personal elationships, including family members, his/her contact with the social apparatus, such as the transportation system, among others, but it is largely influenced by the conditions of the workplace: the physical environment itself, the activities performed and the way they have to be performed, relationships with colleagues and supervisors. All of them susceptible to intervention, so as to reduce absenteeism.



LIMA, Maisa Carolina de Castro. Absenteísmo entre trabalhadores de enfermagem de um hospital público de Goiânia-Goiás. 2011. 124 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2011.