O grupo de apoio como estratégia de cuidado de pais e familiares de crianças hospitalizadas
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Universidade Federal de Goiás
For a long while the family was not considered like priority over attention of nursing team in the hospital context, however studies about the need of changes, on the way of perceiving and dealing with a family, have been contributing to find new ways of care, trying its participation with the client, giving him support inside the medical units. Considering the appearance of illness and hospitalization are stressing events which affect the family s way of life and put people into suffering and the fact that this process gets more complex when the ill is a child, the nurse must search for strategies which give the professional skills to understand this experience, adopting a practice of integral attendance to these clients. Thus this study aims to evaluate the use of group technology on hospitalized child s family care using a descriptive exploratory research, of the type convergent assistance focused in the use of support as a strategy to the nurse assistance with families whose children are hospitalized. The subjects were thirty-four people from families with hospitalized children in the pediatric unit of the Hospital of the Clinics of Federal University of Goias (HC/UFG) had participated on at least one of the 12 sessions promoted by the Group of Support to Parents and Relatives (GRAPF), from February to July, 2010. The meetings were registered in a recorder and on a diary and submitted to a content analysis. Each session of the GRAPF had the average of 4,7 participants, most of them were hospitalized children s mothers. The analysis of the material permitted the identification of the theme: Experience about the family in the child's illness and hospitalization from that was extracted four categories: Child hospitalization: negatives and positives aspects ; Faith on a supreme being ; The health professionals on families perspectives and Families doubts . The evaluation about the GRAPF by the participants made possible the construction of the categories: The group how space for share and learn and The group as a space to learn and Bond between members/coordinators/group . The GRAPF showed that the use of group technology favor the reception to hospitalized child s families by nurses. From offering information and emotional support, is possible to help these people to face this crisis and to attenuate their suffering. The diversification of the nurse assistance strategies can, also, contribute to the development of the nurse assistance practices focused on the integral attendance of a hospitalized child s family.
SANTOS, Leidiene Ferreira. The support group as a strategy for care of parents and relatives of hospitalized children. 2010. 133 f. Dissertação (Mestrado em Cuidado em Enfermagem) - Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2010.