Influência de um programa de educação nutricional em diabetes no controle glicêmico e estado nutricional de adolescentes com Diabetes tipo 1

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Universidade Federal de Goiás


To evaluate the influence of nutrition education interventions in diabetes on glycemic control and nutritional status in adolescents with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus, attended at a school hospital in Goiânia-GO. Methodology: Longitudinal study performed in adolescents of both sexes with Diabetes Mellitus type 1, in the year 2012 with duration of 9 months. The nutritional education actions were developed each quarter in the waiting room through play activities, with the themes "what to eat", "how much to eat" and "when to eat". The following variables were analyzed: socioeconomic and demographic; Anthropometric; Food consumption; Practice of physical activity and glycemic control. The Fisher exact chi-square test was used to test the homogeneity of the groups in relation to proportions and the Kruskal-Wallis test, of non-parametric data for comparison of the medians continuous variables. The significance level used in these tests was 5%. Results: Of the 47 adolescents recruited, only 10 completed the four steps of data collection. The variables: glycated hemoglobin, fasting glycemia, weight, stature, body mass index, waist circumference, physical activity coefficient, carbohydrate intake, lipids and proteins, as well as total caloric value and total fibers did not show statistical differences in the four Stages of nutritional intervention. The indexes stature by age and body mass index by age also did not present significant differences. Conclusion: The nutritional education program in diabetes did not interfere with changes in glycemic control, dietary intake and nutritional status of the participants, possibly because there were not many inadequacies regarding nutritional status and dietary intake. Thus, educational actions play a fundamental role in this process, since they exert a positive influence on the treatment or they minimize the chances of worsening, but they must be cyclical and permanent.



Educação nutricional em diabetes, Adolescentes diabéticos, Consumo alimentar, Estado nutricional, Controle glicêmico, Type 1 diabetes mellitus, Diabetes education, Adolescentes, Food consumption, Nutritional status, Glycemic control


FREITAS, Ana Paula Dorta de; JARDIM, Isadora de Sousa Veiga. Influência de um programa de educação nutricional em diabetes no controle glicêmico e estado nutricional de adolescentes com Diabetes tipo 1. 2017. 56 f. Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso (Graduação) – Faculdade de Nutrição, Universidade Federal de Goiás, Goiânia, 2017.